Philippine Climate Watch Alliance:

Protesters rally at the US embassy to demand for accountability

and real climate solutions on first day of climate talks




December 7, 2009





On the first day of the international climate talks, militant and environmental groups marched towards the US embassy to hold accountable the world's biggest polluters, headed by the United States and demand adequate financial and appropriate technological adaptation support for climate change vulnerable countries and communities.

From December 7-18, high level officials and representatives from all over the world will gather in Copenhagen, Denmark for the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) where a binding climate deal should be sealed. However the leaders of developed countries headed by US President Obama have announced that it is unrealistic to expect a climate deal in Copenhagen given the short amount of time.


Read: End Monopoly Capitalism to Arrest Climate Change - by Prof. Jose Maria Sison



Photos courtesy of Phillippine Climate Watch Alliance


Philippine Climate Watch Alliance
#26 Matulungin St. Central District, Diliman, Quezon City
Tel.: +63 2 9248756 fax: +63 2 9209099

7 December 2009

Protesters rally at the US embassy to demand for accountability and real climate solutions on first day of climate talks

On the first day of the international climate talks, militant and environmental groups marched towards the US embassy to hold accountable the world's biggest polluters, headed by the United States and demand adequate financial and appropriate technological adaptation support for climate change vulnerable countries and communities.

From December 7-18, high level officials and representatives from all over the world will gather in Copenhagen, Denmark for the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) where a binding climate deal should be sealed. However the leaders of developed countries headed by US President Obama have announced that it is unrealistic to expect a climate deal in Copenhagen given the short amount of time.

"This foot dragging and sabotage by the US and other responsible countries should be condemned. Such inaction and the false solutions they continue to peddle equates to greater devastation and suffering from the effects of climate change by peasants, workers, indigenous peoples, fisherfolk, women, children, urban poor, and other vulnerable and marginalized sectors ," said Giovanni Tapang, chairperson of the Advocates for Science and Technology for the People (AGHAM).

According to Frances Quimpo, coordinator of the international climate formation, People’s Action on Climate Change (PACC), “it is a great injustice that it is the poor who are suffering the most while it is the industrialized countries that account for 80% of the historical greenhouse gases emission with US primarily responsible for 30% of the global carbon emissions.”

“This inequality has long been recognized by the international community, yet 17 years of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and eight years of the Kyoto Protocol's existence have failed and done little to abate the steeply-rising global greenhouse gas emissions and ease the lives of the poor, she said. The PACC was the climate group which staged daily mass actions at the Bangkok Climate Talks last October 2009.

“The UN climate negotiations have exposed the callous greed of the industrialized countries and the persistence of corporate and financial enterprise interests that dominate, command and dictate the discussions agenda according to their interests. For one, they are pushing for market-based mechanisms and technological fixes instead of real and structural solutions that strike at the root causes of climate change," said Dr. Tapang.

Based on the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), to enable to avert catastrophic effect of global warming, industrialized countries need to reduce GHG emissions by more than 25-40% based on 1990 level by not later than 2020. The Kyoto Protocol calls for a mere 5% cut in GHG emissions below 1990 level yet the US have not ratified it until now. What President Obama announced is a 17% cut of US greenhouse gas emissions below 2005 levels by 2020, about 3 percent below the 1990 and far below the cut outlined by the UN climate panel.

According to the statement of Philippine Climate Watch Alliance (PCWA), while it is the industrialized countries that are primarily responsible for the rapid destruction of environment and the accelerated GHG emissions, the governments of developing countries who impede the genuine development of the world's poor and marginalized communities and sectors by facilitating the plunder of the countries' resources must also be held responsible.

“The Arroyo administration keeps on promoting and pursuing neo-liberal policies in strategic sectors, such as energy, mining, forestry, agriculture, and trade, which favors and benefits the foreign corperations but worsens the vulnerability of local communities. In addition, the Philippine government lacks genuine policies and programs to mitigate climate change and help communities adapt to its impacts,” said Meggie Nolasco, spokesperson of PCWA.

“To top it all, the Arroyo government is sending off a team of government junketeers whose purpose is to beg for crumbs from Annex 1 government in exchange for a weakened position in the climate negotiations,” said Nolasco. The Philippine president on the eve of Hillary Clinton’s visit, released a statement that it is not insisting on deep and early cuts in the Copenhagen negotiations, when the Philippines, along with other developing and vulnerable countries have been reeling from climate change impacts due to the havoc wrought by Annex 1 countries.

The protesters headed by PCWA, Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment, AGHAM and Bagong Alyansang Makabayan (BAYAN) with other multi-sectoral organizations are calling on the international community to push for a just and equitable treaty and concrete actions that recognizes that the climate crisis is rooted and is continuously worsened by the unsustainable, wasteful and profit-oriented production of the world's richest economies.

“We are not optimistic that an international agreement will be arrived at in Copenhagen as long as the powerful nations, big corporation and corrupt government officials, whose sole purpose is to water down or shoot down any important climate measures and continue with business-as-usual practices remain inside the negotiations,” said Meggie Nolasco, spokesperson of Philippine Climate Watch Alliance (PCWA).

She further averred, “ Together with marginalized communities and civil society organizations from all over the world, we are taking our postions and demands to the streets in fighting this oppressive system and the false solutions that are perpetruated by the climate offenders. “


Giovanni Tapang, chairperson, Advocates for Science and Technology for the People AGHAM, 09275736714.

Meggie Nolasco, spokesperson, Philippine Climate Watch Alliance, 09278050008.

PCWA is a Philippine-based multisectoral alliance of individuals and organizations engaged in climate change advocacy. This is in response to the growing global campaign to address the issue of climate change and to get underway a corresponding, yet, grassroots-oriented campaign in the Philippines.










Philippine Climate Watch Alliance
#26 Matulungin St. Central District, Diliman, Quezon City
Tel.: +63 2 9248756 fax: +63 2 9209099
5 December 2009


Green groups expose schemes of President Arroyo to weaken Philippine position in upcoming climate talks

Green groups and climate activists express apprehension over news that veteran and uncompromising negotiators were removed from the list of Philippine delegation to the climate change talks on December 7-18 in Copenhagen.

"It is very important to send negotiators that truly represent the interest of the Filipino people and will demand for significant, immediate and binding carbon emission cuts from the world's top polluters. Changes in the composition of the official delegation is thus a plot to weaken the Philippine position and a sell-out of national interests by the Arroyo government," said Clemente Bautista Jr of Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE).

The position of the Philippine delegation before is one of the most progressive and is considered a leader among the Group of 77 developing countries (G77) calling for the 45% reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from ANNEX 1 (36 industrialized and top polluting) countries by 2020 based on 1990 level.

However, even after signing the Climate Change Act of 2009, President Arroyo expressed that the Philippines need not insist on deep and early cuts in carbon emissions and should be amenable just to arrive at an agreement in Conference of Parties 15 (COP15) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

"President Arroyo's pronouncement came after the recent visit of US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and before the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit (APEC) in Singapore. It is not a coincidence that it is consistent with the position arrived at the APEC Summit that an agreement for a binding pact for the reduction of emissions in Copenhagen is unlikely and unrealistic," Bautista said.

Multi-sectoral and civil-society organizations from all over the world have been pushing for an effective and fair climate treaty as survival of poor nations depend on it. However, prospects have dimmed when the US and other rich countries have announced that the deal will not be sealed this year. According to the statement of Philippine Climate Watch Allince (PCWA), the Philippine president echoing the position of powerful nations prove that all this talk of concern over the impacts of climate change to the Filipinos are just empty rhetorics.

"The self-proclaimed climate czar President Arroyo has removed our strong negotiators and even decided to attend the COP 15 herself to ensure that the Philippine delegation will echo and follow the lame and divisive position of the United States that there will be no global agreement in Copenhagen," said Meggie Nolasco, spokesperson of PCWA.

Industrialized countries account for 80% of the historical greenhouse gases emission with US primarily responsible for 30% of the global carbon emissions. Based on the recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), to enable to avert catastrophic effects of global warming, industrialized countries need to reduce GHG emissions by more than 25-40% based on 1990 level by not later than 2020.

The international climate treaty, the Kyoto Protocol calls for a mere 5% cut in GHG emissions below 1990 level. Yet, the US have not ratified it until now. Now, President Obama have announced to stop by the climate talks and present the US emissions target of 17% below 2005 levels in 2020. (According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S.'s 1990 level of GHG emissions was 6,099. In 2005 it was 7,109, an increase of over 10 percent)

“The US is using the Philippine government to cause division among the G77 which are united in demanding that rich countries should be primarily responsible and accountable for the climate crisis. President Arroyo is willing to forego the interest of the Filipino people and sacrifice our sovereignty just to follow the dictates of her US masters,” said Nolasco.

PCWA announced a series of actions that will be held in the country and in Copenhagen to hound and expose President Arroyo and the other climate criminals, headed by the United States. A number of mobilizations and activities by the Filipino community and environmental activists will be held in Copenhagen as side events to the COP15 and will culminate on December 17 with a rally joined by international groups. In the Philippines, a multi-sectoral action will be mounted in front of the US Embassy at the start of climate negotiations on December 7.

Meggie Nolasco, spokesperson, Philippine Climate Watch Alliance, 0927805008.
Clemente Bautista Jr. National Coordinator, Kalikasan-PNE 09228449787.

PCWA is a Philippine-based multisectoral alliance of individuals and organizations engaged in climate change advocacy. This is in response to the growing global campaign to address the issue of climate change and to get underway a corresponding, yet, grassroots-oriented campaign in the Philippines



26 Matulungin St. Central Dist., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, 1100
Tel./Fax; +63 (2) 924-8756; E-mail:, Website:

Letter to the Editor
November 25, 2009

Green groups express solidarity with protesters vs. large scale mining in Mindoro island

We are one with the Mangyans and Mindorenos who are campaigning for the protection of Mindoro Island from the exploitative mining project of Intex Mining Resources and are currently on a hunger strike at the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). Their fight is legitimate, just and noble - we are hopeful that their sacrifices will be fruitful in spite the Arroyo administration’s record for ignoring people’s calls and upholding foreign mining companies’ interests.

Mindoro is known for pristine environment and rich natural resources. Located in the island are several biodiversity-rich, environmentally critical, and conservation priority areas like the Lubang Island, Mt. Calavite, Puerto Galera, Mt. Halcon, Naujan Lake, Sablayan island, Iglit and Baco Mountains, Malpalon, Bogbog, Bongabong, Mt. Hitding, and Mt. Hinunduan. It also has one of the best eco-tourist spots in the country such as the Puerto Gallera and Apo Reef. It is also known to be the rice granary of Southern Luzon, accounting for more than forty percent of rice produced in Southern Tagalog region.

Intex mining concession, which covers 11,217 hectares and includes several municipalities in Mindoro Oriental and Mindoro Occidental is projected to produce hundreds of millions of tons of mine waste. This multi-billion dollar mining project will destroy the rich biodiversity in the area and will also greatly impact the tourism industry, agriculture, and fishery in the in the island. The water and marine resources in the island will definitely be affected and will lead to aggravation of poverty, more pollution, deaths and tragedies.

President Arroyo and DENR Secretary Lito Atienza, the people who are primarily tasked to protect the environment and manage our natural resources, have permitted Intex's large-scale mining operation on the island in spite an existing moratorium on large-scale mining in the provinces and a previous decision of DENR itself to cancel the said mining project.

Allowing large-scale mining in spite of the known negative effects and widespread and vocal opposition from the baranggay level to provincial governments is a direct proof of subservience to the foreign transnational mining corporation and blatant disrespect and disregard for the wellfare of the community and environment of Mindoro.

Now, the strikers are risking their lives to awaken the Norwegian mining company Intex Resources and the Philippine government, particularly President Gloria Arroyo and DENR Sec. Lito Atienza, and heed the calls and be accountable to the sacrifices of the hunger strikers.

The 90-day suspension of Intex’s Environmental Compliance Certificate(ECC) issued by DENR Sec. Atienza is an old trick by an old dog and a ploy to pacify the opposition. In the past, the DENR Secretary has ordered ‘investigations’ or suspended environmental permits on controversial environmental projects just to deflect the public attention and deceive the groups resisting the said projects.

We are urging the residents of Mindoro to continue their fight and struggle. As with other communities and provinces with the same issue, we express our solidarity and oneness in defending our patrimony against foreign corporations and their accomplices in Malacanang.


For the people and the environment,
Clemente Bautista Jr.
National Coordinator, Kalikasan-PNE

KALIKASAN People's Network for the Environment is a network of people's organizations (POs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and environmental advocates. It believes that the struggle for the environment is a struggle of the people, thus all environmental action shall have the interest of the majority at their core.

National Coordinator
Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment (Kalikasan-PNE)
No.26 Matulungin St. Bgy. Central, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1100
Tel. No. +63-2-9248756 Fax No. +63-2-9209099













By Prof. Jose Maria Sison

Chairperson, International League of Peoples' Struggle

7 December 2009


Human societies have created the bases of our survival, sustenance and advancement through the use of our natural resources in production with rudimentary tools and rising levels of science and technology. Yet in no time in history has environmental destruction been systematically brought about in most parts of the world.


The people of the world face today global poverty, economic wars and environmental crises.  They are confronted by an escalating, more rapacious and vicious campaign of plunder by monopoly capitalism. This aggravates the already devastated and polluted natural environment.


The massive dumping of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere by the operations of monopoly capitalist firms in the energy industries, manufacturing, transportation, industrial agriculture, mining, construction, etc. is now generating climatic changes that are causing massive devastation and loss of human lives around the world. 


The unprecedented rise in GHG emissions coincided with the onset of the capitalist system at the industrial revolution and its attendant intensive use of machines, fossil fuels for transportation and energy. The anarchic, wasteful and pollutive capitalist production for profit has put our world into the brink of destruction. Under a system where profit is the primary objective of social production, the environment and our ecosystems are reduced to being a source of raw materials and dumping grounds for wasters.


Plunder and pollution of the environment have made victims of poor communities many times over. These are the same communities that are also the most vulnerable to environmental backlashes, which come in the form of floods, droughts and other occurrences triggered or heightened by the prevailing imbalances in the ecosystem.  Women and children shoulder the greater cost of these circumstances because of wider risks to their health, and added complications to their productive and reproductive functions.



The trend of rapid environmental changes both at the global and national level is expected to bring about even more massive devastation and loss of human lives in the future. It is clear from the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report, and subsequent studies, that warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea levels.


The increase in global surface temperature has made the past decade and a half the warmest years since the 1850s. An increase of 0.75 degrees Celsius in the past century was observed over the world. Rates of sea level increase have leaped from an average of 1.8 mm annually (from 1961) to 3.1 mm/yr (from 1996). The rate of shrinking of ice cover in the Arctic was observed to be 2.7 % per decade, which more than double in summer to 7.4 %. Recently, the Northwest passage was clear throughout the Arctic circle. Increased incidence of intense tropical cyclones and sea level rise has been observed putting coastal areas at risk.


The climate has been altered by changes in greenhouse gases (GHGs), aerosols, land-cover and solar radiation input. It was clear in the Nobel Prize winning report of the IPCC that GHGs have increased due to human activities with an increase of 70% in the last 3 decades. CO2 emissions have increased 80% in the same period.


While global warming has already brought extreme impacts on livelihood and survival, especially on vulnerable communities, “free market” globalization policies have opened up the rest of the world to the unhampered entry, control and exploitation of raw natural resources and of people by monopoly capitalist banks and firms. Atrocious campaigns of wars of aggression have been waged especially by US monopoly capital to expand its economic territory and gain direct or tighter control of land and natural resources.


Systematic and unabated deforestation through rampant industrial logging has multiplied at ever increasing rates. The destruction of the world's forests has also led to the conversion of agricultural plantations for export-oriented crops, farms for cattle raising or monoculture tree plantations. The relentless extraction of mineral ores and wanton destruction by mining multinational corporations (MNCs) in Asia Pacific, Latin America and African countries that are naturally endowed with rich mineral deposits persists while they leave massive environmental destruction and pollution, widespread landlessness and displacement, loss of livelihood, distortion of local culture, and rampant human rights violations to the peoples of these regions in their wake.


Asia, which holds more than half of the world's population, has less than 36% of the world's water resources and almost half of the population in developing countries are exposed to polluted water sources. The contamination of air, water and land brought about by products and production processes mainly from the industrial and manufacturing plants of MNCs continue. These large-scale factories remain the top contributors of significant pollutants such as toxic and hazardous wastes in the world.


More and more underdeveloped countries (including India and China) have also become major dumping grounds for the wastes of industrial countries. The dumping of toxic and hazardous wastes are mounting and alarming. Additionally, chemicals and obsolete technologies proven to be harmful to the environment and/or human health and that are already banned in the industrial countries are continually foisted on underdeveloped countries.


The occupation of Iraq by the US (and the 'Coalition of the Willing') has given the latter direct control over the vast oil resources of Iraq and has  consolidated  US domination over the world's oil resources. After toppling the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, the US has gained more political foothold in Central Asia and South Asia and further access to the oil and gas resources in these parts of the world.  The US launched its "second front against terrorism" targeting the Philippines, Indonesia and Southeast Asia-- a region known for its oil, natural gas and other natural resources. It has unceasingly undermined the government of Venezuela, which has the biggest oil resources in Latin America and is continuously expanding its influence in other Latin American countries (Colombia) and several African countries to tap potential oil and other mineral resources.


Foreign direct investments in energy all over the world are increasing and control over these resources are transferred from nations to a few energy companies. Even the technologies needed for the use of alternative energy in solar and wind are limited to industrialized countries. The drive for biofuels has raised concerns over its long term sustainability and actual contribution to climate change. Large tracts of forests have been lost in Brazil, Malaysia and Indonesia due to conversion of forests to oil-palm plantations and more biofuel plantations have been earmarked in other countries like the Philippines.


The recent  wars of aggression of the US and its allies have not only increased the production, sale and use weapons of mass destruction but have also caused the massive destruction and contamination of human property, health and environment (i.e. use of depleted uranium, etc.) in the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and other war-ravaged countries. Forest clearings and land conversions necessitated by continued military exercises in different parts of the world led by the US pollute the environment and the destruction of natural habitats. Toxic wastes from current and previous US military bases continue to wreak ecological havoc in the surrounding areas. US military joint exercises bring with them not only direct US military aggression but the dangerous weapons and waste from these activities.


The United States is currently the number one producer of GHGs, emitting more than 28% of all the historical GHGs emitted since 1840 worldwide. About 84% of US GHG emissions arise from the petroleum related energy and electrical power sectors. The US is also the biggest processor and unregulated user of oil and petroleum products all over the world.



Yet the US government has refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol, an international treaty signed by 169 countries which aims to reduce global levels of carbon dioxide and five other GHG emissions by 5.2% from their 1990 levels. It is also the US that remains adamant in refusing to commit to long-term and rapid reductions of emissions in the ongoing negotiations for new commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Copenhagen.


Primary emitter countries such as the US and G8 countries have the principal responsibility to change their production activities and consumption of energy for genuinely sustainable solutions to the ecological crisis. At the same time, they must also bear the cost of reducing GHGs and building the capacity of vulnerable communities in poor countries to withstand climate change impacts which they have caused.  Developing countries still require adequate energy and infrastructure for the basic needs and social development of their people, hence, should not be denied genuine sustainable development and must not be forced to carry the burden of meeting carbon emission reduction targets for the world while industrialized countries refuse to do so.


Instead of pursuing comprehensive mitigation of their emissions by engaging in changes in social production, industrialized countries use carbon offset mechanisms and emissions trading projects that offload the burden of carbon mitigation and reduction towards developing countries. These distort development activities in these countries while maintaining the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production activities of industrialized countries. Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) and carbon trading effectively marketize carbon emissions and essentially shuffles around responsibility to curb emissions.




International financial institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank (WB) and other regional banks are becoming more aggressive in pushing for “free market” and business-friendly false solutions to climate change related problems. Programs such as the Climate Investment Fund of the WB do not differ from their previous so-called development projects that have violated human rights, displaced communities, destroyed the environment and supported militarization in the past. These initiatives of the IFIs also give them leverage to influence the outcome of the UNFCCC negotiations in Copenhagen to provide new opportunities for profit-making by monopoly capitalist firms who want to take advantage of the climate crisis.


These include proposals such as massive geo-engineering solutions that do not address the root cause of the emissions and instead push untested and unproven but potentially profitable technologies without due consideration of their ecological and social consequences. On the other hand, personal and individual reduction of carbon emissions such as shifts to compact fluorescent light bulbs, switching to biodegradable products are mere token responses and short sighted if they are not framed within larger political and economic conditions which have vastly accelerated the rate of global warming. In any case, poor communities would not have the capacity to engage in these actions unless their immediate economic and social problems are first addressed.


Indeed, climate change already aggravates other environmental problems that poor communities have to face as a result of imperialist globalization's ever increasing destruction of our ecology. It is no longer a question that human activity has produced dangerous climate interference but on how to avoid catastrophic effects that could affect more than half of the world's population that are most vulnerable to climate change. Industrialized countries should commit to real targets and not shift the burden to underdeveloped countries. The capacity of local communities to respond to disasters should be strengthened. Community-based disaster response, monitoring and mitigation should be undertaken and livelihood should be provided for those who are vulnerable to climate change impacts.


Great advances have been made in information technology, robotics, genetics, agriculture, and medicine, yet are not being applied towards solving fundamental problems of humankind, such as the breakdown of health systems, famine and hunger, ecological destruction, and social decay and disintegration. Instead, unbridled monopoly capitalist globalization has opened up third world resources for the use of TNCs extracting raw materials while leaving their pollution and emissions to the host communities.


The rapid destruction of the environment is a direct result of the rapid, unchecked appropriation of the world's resources for the benefit of a few. Increased pressure for the quest for wealth places increased pressure on the environment and environmental destruction. The poor, who are most vulnerable, are subjected to these environmental impacts while trying to provide subsistence level production for themselves. Existing environmental and social problems aggravated by global warming will not abate until the plunder of the world for monopoly capital's greed for profits end.

In order to preserve the world's intrinsic and practical value for human development, we need to fundamentally reorient production and consumption based on human needs rather than for the boundless accumulation of profit for a few. Society must take collective control of productive resources to meet the needs of sustainable social development and  avoid overproduction, overconsumption and overexploitation of people and the environment which are inevitable under the prevailing monopoly capitalist system .

We have seen how communities throughout the world have remain resolute and determined to struggle for their rights and defend their natural resources because it is not only their present but also their future at stake. The oppressed peoples and nations are more determined than ever before to wage revolutionary struggles for national liberation and democracy and look forward to this socialist future. As the imperialist powers scrambling to preserve global capitalism, we, the people, must struggle harder and be more effective in waging militant anti-imperialist struggles for greater freedom, democracy, social justice, development, ecological sustainability, solidarity and peace.

To arrest climate change, we need to put an end to this systematic plunder of the environment for the superprofits of corporations in industrialized countries. To arrest climate change, we need to organize and defend our future against this parasitic and moribund system. To arrest climate change, we need to end monopoly capital's dominance over our lives and build a socialist future.###


From John Bellamy Foster, Marx's Ecology in Historical Perspective, Monthly Review.




Marx's concept of the metabolic rift is the core element of this ecological critique. The human labour process itself is defined in /Capital/ as 'the universal condition for the metabolic interaction between man and nature, the everlasting nature-imposed condition of human existence'.^10 <> It follows that the rift in this metabolism means nothing less than the undermining of the 'everlasting nature-imposed condition of human existence'. Further there is the question of the sustainability of the earth--ie the extent to which it is to be passed on to future generations in a condition equal or better than in the present. As Marx wrote:


     /From the standpoint of a higher socio-economic formation, the

     private property of particular individuals in the earth will

     appear just as absurd as private property of one man in other men.

     Even an entire society, a nation, or all simultaneously existing

     societies taken together, are not owners of the earth. They are

     simply its possessors, its beneficiaries, and have to bequeath it

     in an improved state to succeeding generations as *boni patres

     familias* /[good heads of the household].^11



The issue of sustainability, for Marx, went beyond what capitalist society, with its constant intensification and enlargement of the metabolic rift between human beings and the earth, could address. Capitalism, he observed, 'creates the material conditions for a new and higher synthesis, a union of agriculture and industry on the basis of the forms that have developed during the period of their antagonistic isolation'. Yet in order to achieve this 'higher synthesis', he argued, it would be necessary for the associated producers in the new society to 'govern the human metabolism with nature in a rational way'--a requirement that raised fundamental and continuing challenges for post-revolutionary society.^12 <>


In analysing the metabolic rift Marx and Engels did not stop with the soil nutrient cycle, or the town-country relation. They addressed at various points in their work such issues as deforestation, desertification, climate change, the elimination of deer from the forests, the commodification of species, pollution, industrial wastes, toxic contamination, recycling, the exhaustion of coal mines, disease, overpopulation and the evolution (and co-evolution) of species.


After having the power and coherence of Marx's analysis of the metabolic rift impressed on me in this way, I began to wonder how deeply embedded such ecological conceptions were in Marx's thought as a whole. What was there in Marx's background that could explain how he was able to incorporate natural-scientific observations into his analysis so effectively? How did this relate to the concept of the alienation of nature, which along with the alienation of labour was such a pronounced feature of his early work? Most of all, I began to wonder whether the secret to Marx's ecology was to be found in his materialism. Could it be that this materialism was not adequately viewed simply in terms of a materialist conception of /human/ history, but also had to be seen in terms of /natural/ history and the dialectical relation between the two? Or to put it somewhat differently, was Marx's materialist conception of history inseparable from what Engels had termed the 'materialist conception of nature'?^13 <> Had Marx employed his dialectical method in the analysis of both?


I first became acutely aware of the singular depth of Marx's ecological insights through a study of the Liebig-Marx connection. In 1862 the great German chemist Justus von Liebig published the seventh edition of his pioneering scientific work, /Organic Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology/ (first published in 1840). The 1862 edition contained a new, lengthy and, to the British, scandalous introduction. Building upon arguments that he had been developing in the late 1850s, Liebig declared the intensive, or 'high farming', methods of British agriculture to be a 'robbery system', opposed to rational agriculture.^6 <>


They necessitated the transportation over long distances of food and fibre from the country to the city--with no provision for the recirculation of social nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which ended up contributing to urban waste and pollution in the form of human and animal wastes. Whole countries were robbed in this way of the nutrients of their soil. For Liebig this was part of a larger British imperial policy of robbing the soil resources (including bones) of other countries. 'Great Britain', he declared:


/ ...deprives all countries of the conditions of their fertility. It has raked up the battlefields of Leipsic, Waterloo and the Crimea; it has consumed the bones of many generations accumulated in the catacombs of Sicily; and now annually destroys the food for a future generation of three millions and a half of people. Like a vampire it hangs on the breast of Europe, and even the world, sucking its lifeblood without any real necessity or permanent gain for itself./^7




News Release

7 December 2009

Reference: Emmi de Jesus, GABRIELA Vice Chair/Gabriela Women's Party Nominee

371-2302 / 09173221203


Protest welcomes COP15 Opening

Wealthy nations’ greed killing the poor

Tear-stricken faces of helpless women and children trapped on the roofs of their houses, massive destruction of properties, deaths—these grim images during the onslaught of storms Ondoy and Pepeng still remain fresh in the minds of Filipino women.

As the fight for justice for the victims of calamities continue, women under GABRIELA stormed the United States Embassy in Manila in time for the opening of the 15th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP15) in Copenhagen, Denmark to denounce the culpability of industrialized countries over environmental destructions that have caused devastation of properties and lives of people in Third World countries like the Philippines.


Imperialist countries, like the US, are the major contributors of harmful gases that cause global warming and extreme weather events. The imperialist greed for profit has created a system of incessant consumption and wanton exploitation of the world’s natural resources, resulting to deforestation and pollution of air and bodies of water. Yet it is the people in poor countries, who have been robbed of those resources, that suffer the most from climate change,” said Emmi de Jesus, GABRIELA Vice-Chairperson.



According to GABRIELA, studies show that 80% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission came from the US, Japan, Canada, Australia and the European countries. Majority of emitted carbon monoxide in the atmosphere from the use of fossil fuels are caused by transnational companies (TNCs) that process and make use of carbon and oil. TNC’s also control major GHG-emitting industries: oil, energy and transportation.

On the other hand, the already poverty-stricken people in Third World countries, especially women, bear the brunt of the destruction of our environment. Environmental changes have affected women who are major food producers and responsible for securing water and fuel for household use. Impacts of global warming like droughts and floods also hit women the hardest, as seen by our experience in the recent calamity. As a consequence, women are pushed to deeper poverty, barring them from obtaining their rights to food, shelter and education,” added de Jesus.

GABRIELA also condemns the market-oriented solutions to climate change that are being peddled by imperialist countries, TNCs and international financial institutions like World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. According to the group, profit-oriented solutions like the carbon trading in the Kyoto Protocol are false solutions.

Further, the group also denounces the Arroyo government for aligning with the plunderers and doing nothing to protect the Filipino people. Worse, the Arroyo government flaunts its inutility in times of disaster as displayed in the recent calamities faced by the Filipino people.


The change of our climate will take a turn for the worse unless the historical root of the crisis is uprooted. Until then, women and the rest of the poor in countries like ours, continue to live in danger—to be robbed of their resources and then later on be blamed when flooding occurs,” stated de Jesus.###