Kampuhan on its 23rd day:

Fasting and hunger strike for land and justice:

 

 

DAR, Quezxon City

 

July 22, 2010

 

Bonus Tracks: Why are our farmers poor?

 

 

   
   
/p

/p
           

 

FASTING AND HUNGER STRIKE FOR LAND AND JUSTICE

OUR IMMEDIATE DEMANDS:

1. PULL-OUT OF MILITARY AND POLICE IN THE FARMING COMMUNITIES PARTICULARLY IN HACIENDA YULO & HACIENDA LOOC
1. Ha. Yulo – since June 14 1 Pt (30-elements) of PNP-Regional Mobile Group to conduct “Brigada Eskwela” & since June 18 & 27 40-Elements of Phil. Army 202nd Brigade under the command of a certain Major Villanueva to conduct “Medical Mission”
2. Ha. Looc / District 1 / Province of Batangas – total estimate of 7-Batallions composite of PAF 740th & 730th combat group in Nasugbu + 16th IB Charlie Coy in Ha. Zobel in Calatagan (same group in Mindoro under the command of Ret.Gen. J. Palparan), 54th IB in Balayan, particulary operating the command of CAFGUs in the locality
 

2. ALLOW THE TRANSPORT & SELLING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN MILITARIZED COMMUNITIES
1. Ha. Yulo – from the directive of Yulo Estate their private guards are restricting the farmers from transporting their coconut and other agricultural products (since mid-June up to present)
 

3. CANCELLATION OF ALL CONVERSION ORDERS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS

4. STOP THE CRIMINALIZATION OF AGRARIAN CASES

5. JUNK TRUMPED-UP CRIMINAL CHARGES AGAINST THE FARMERS
1. Ha. Yulo – 7 farmers were charged with Direct Assault & Grave coercion after the May 21 dispersal of the local Bantayan (camp-out) in Sitio Buntog, Bgy. Canluban. Criminal charges undergoing Priliminary Investigation before the Calamba City Trial Court

-----------------------------------------------------

 

 MEDIA ADVISORY

Hacienda Yulo farmers currently being denied of their rights to land and livelihood inside the 7,100 hectare prime agricultural land which is set for all-out land use conversion are urging President Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III to act with dispatch and favorably on the demand they submitted to Palace three weeks ago asking the President to immediately distribute the lands to tillers for free and pullout of a platoon of PNP-Regional Mobile Group & Philippine Army inside the Yulo estate.

To dramatize their plight for land and justice, 7 farmers of Hacienda Yulo together with their supporters and agrarian reform advocates will stage an indefinite FAST and HUNGER STRIKE at the gate of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR). The dramatic action will start on

JULY 22, THURSDAY
10:00 AM
DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM
Media Coverage is Requested

For reference: Roy Morilla of KMP (09074180098) and Kasama-TK secretary general
Axel Pinpin (09291359636)
 

     
           
     
     
     

 

PRESS RELEASE
July 22, 2010
Reference: Roy Morilla, KMP Public Information Officer (0907-418-0098)

Canlubang estate's 7,100 hectare up for conversion
Hacienda Yulo farmers warn Aquino of hunger strike if he fails to resolve land row

Hacienda Yulo farmers in Barangay Canlubang, Calamba City in Laguna today warned President Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Aquino III of a brewing indefinite hunger strike if Malacanang fails to act on their three demands submitted barely a week after the 50-year old bachelor official assumed the presidency.

The three demands submitted to Malacanang by Hacienda Yulo farmers identified with the Kalipunan ng mga Samahang Magbubukid ng Timog Katagalugan (Kasama-TK) put to task President Aquino to stop the ongoing land use conversion of 7,100 hectare former sugar estate owned by the Yulo family, immediate and unconditional distribution of prime agricultural lands to farmer beneficiaries and the pull out of a platoon sized Army troop inside the Canlubang estate.

For a start, about five Hacienda Yulo farmers led sympathy fast today in preparation for a daring hunger strike which would take effect anytime between next week and weeks to come. The fast and the soon-to-be staged hunger strike for land and justice is part of the 100-day peasant camp-out in the National Capital Region, which is now on its 21st day since Aquino's inauguration on June 30.

The protesting farmers were joined by peasant activists from Laguna, Rizal and Cavite and leaders of Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP), the fisherfolk alliance Pambansang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamamalakaya ng Pilipinas (Pamalakaya) and supporters from other cause-oriented groups and agrarian reform advocacy groups at the gate of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) national office in Quezon City.

"President Aquino is not listening to the legitimate cry and agrarian demands of Hacienda Yulo farmers and this is the real score at the moment. Until now, there is no presidential instruction from the Office of the President for DAR to act swiftly on the demands submitted to Aquino's office early this month. How long it would take him before he makes a decisive move in favor the Yulo farmers? One year? 50 years?", said Kasama-TK secretary general Axel Pinpin.

Pinpin said the official response of President Aquino so far was the violent demolition of peasant camp-out in Mendiola Bridge and the dispersal of striking farmers on July 3 that led to the mass arrest of 41 farmer activists and the injury of 13 other Southern Tagalog activists.

" So far this is the concrete step taken by Aquino as far as the agrarian issues surrounding Hacienda Yulo is concerned and for the farmers the act is simply incorrigible and extremely reprehensible," the Kasama-TK official said.

At least seven cases of agrarian disputes mostly from Southern Tagalog region were presented on July 16 to newly installed Agrarian reform Secretary Virgilio delos Reyes.

Among the land dispute cases involving land use conversions, cancellations of Certificate of Land Ownership Awards (CLOAs) and eviction of farmer beneficiaries include the 8,650 hectare Hacienda Looc in Nasugbu, Batangas which has been primed for eco-tourism projects and the 7,100 hectare prime agricultural land in Barangay Canlubang, Calamba City in Laguna province.

The other cases of agrarian disputes presented during the dialogue with DAR secretary include land reform reversals and land use conversions in Dasmarinas and Silang in Cavite province, the seedling projects in Montalban, Rizal and the conversion of Araneta owned lands in Barangay Tungkong Mangga in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan.

In that dialogue peasant leaders of Kasama-TK and KMP asked the new agrarian reform secretary to immediately issue cease and desist orders to big landlords and real estate developers to effectively halt all land use conversions and indefinitely suspend all these activities to prepare the stage for a comprehensive review of these lands currently embroiled in legal, political and moral disputes between the farmers and the big landlords in Southern Tagalog region.

"The Southern Tagalog region has become the laboratory for land reform reversals, land reform denials and land use conversions since the Calabarzon days of former President Ferdinand Marcos. Hundreds of thousands of prime agricultural lands have been subjected to automatic control of big landlords and were primed for land use conversions at the expense of land reform beneficiaries and other land tillers across the region," they noted.

Citing a report filed by Ibon Foundation, KMP spokesperson Antonio Flores said as of December 2006, DAR has cancelled at least 108,141 CLOAs and Emancipation Patents (EPs) involving 204,579 hectares. CLOA and EP cancellations are increased by 3,790% from 1995 data of 2,780, while land area increased by 1,162% from 16, 213 hectares. Of the cancellations, majority or 87% were due to subdivision of mother-CLOAs into individual CLOAs. It involved about 82% of the lands to 167,486 hectares.#
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Bago Padapuin sa Kanila ang Inyong mga Pamalo
Alexander Martin Remollino

 

At isang krimen na pala
ang magkampo sa harap ng isang "arko ng kapayapaan"
upang hingin ang talagang sa iyo.
Sana, bago padapuin sa kanila ang inyong mga pamalo
ay naisip muna ninyo
na ang mga katawang "humarang" sa Mendiola
ay hindi lang mga tagapaghatid ng pagkain
sa inyong mga hapag:
kabilang din sila sa mga bumibili
ng pampaaralang mga gamit ng inyong mga anak,
ng mga pulseras at kuwintas ng inyong mga asawa't kabit;
ng inyong mga uniporme, medyas, at kalsunsilyo.
Sana, naisip ninyo ang lahat nito
bago ituring na mga kriminal
at padapuan sa inyong mga pamalo
ang mga katawang "humarang" sa Mendiola
upang hingin ang talagang sa kanila.

     
     


Luisita farmers say – “Judicial gas pedal needed on Luisita”

Hacienda Luisita, Tarlac - Farm workers belonging to the United Luisita Wokers' Union expressed optimism on the high courts decision to put Hacienda Luisita land issue on their August 3 session, urging the en banc to finally to put closure on the highly controversial case.

According to Lito Bais, ULWU acting chair, "The high court should put more judicial gas pedal for the speedy resolution of the case. For the past four years under their watch, Hacienda Luisita case took a slow phase despite clamors from Luisita farm worker beneficiaries and its supporters to lift the Temporary Restraining Order to allow physical land distribution take place. On June 10, we passed an open letter to the newly installed Supreme Court Chief Justice Renato Corona asking him to take a swift action of our case. And on June 24, the high court responded positively by deciding for the re-opening of the case".

He added that "This was followed by an April 13, 2010 decision denying with fanality the motion of big sugar planters for a reconsideration asking for the exemption of sugar state land for distribution dated March 10, 2007 which included Hacienda Luisita, this only shows a favorable or if not a hint of what is coming this August 3. But still we don't want to expect higher than what is on the table, as long as the case is still pending, we are on guard monitoring and planning for our next move wether the high court en banc heed our call or not".

In 2005, the Presidential Agrarian Reform Council [PARC] revoked the Stock Distribution Option [SDO] option scheme in Hacienda Luisita and ordered its distribution to farm worker beneficiaries. But in June 2006, the Cojuangco-Aquino family filed a Temporary Restraining Order citing PARC's lack of jurisdiction. Until now the TRO is still in effect.

"The August 3 Supreme Court en banc would be a test of judicial will under the stewardship of Cheif Justice Corona to undertake a case involving the Philippines presidents's family state. This is a high stake case, no matter the court modestly considered it as "ordinary" the fact remains that this would be a potential precedent to all land dispute cases through out the country is concern". Bais ended####

           
     
     
     

 

Down the Drain
Alexander Martin Remollino

 

A fortune most will not amass
even after spending P10 million
on lottery tickets
goes down the drain in a day
for a pompous parade of floats featuring feats
that are real --
as real as promises to lead "by example,"
as real as promises to not run for the helm,
as real as promises to "just fade away."

 

But They Fed It All to the Dustbins and Toilets
Alexander Martin Remollino

 

How many mouths can P10 million feed
in a single sitting?
Up to 250,000 or so.
But they fed it all to the dustbins and toilets
as they pompously paraded floats featuring feats
as real as the claims
in the State of the Nation Addresses
of 2001-2009.

     
           


PRESS RELEASE
July 16, 2010
Reference: Roy Morilla, KMP Public Information Officer (0907-418-0098)

Farmers urge DAR Sec to stop massive CLOA cancellations

The militant Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP, Peasant Movement of the Philippines) and Katipunan ng mga Samahang Magbubukid sa Timog Katagalugan (KASAMA-TK) urged newly-appointed Dept. of Agrarian Reform Secretary Virgilio "Gil" Delos Reyes to stop massive cancellations of Certificate of Land Ownership Awards (CLOAs) primarily pushed by big landlords, real estate developers and foreign investors.

"New DAR Sec. Delos Reyes inherited the biggest problem of the country, the agrarian unrest that is transpiring all over the country for decades. We urge him to act on the side of the farmers and not of the big landlords and foreign investors," said Antonio Flores, KMP Spokesperson.

KMP and its regional chapters nationwide have been campaigning for genuine land reform since the administration of former president Cory Aquino, though they have been victims of the Mendiola Massacre on January 22, 1987. Then, they were calling for a genuine land reform program but they were fired upon by government forces killing 13 peasant activists. The following year, the Republic Act 6657 or Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was enacted, including the Stock Distribution Option (SDO) that was implemented in the Cojuangco-Aquino- controlled Hacienda Luisita in Tarlac.

"Massacre, killings and abuse on peasants were due to their struggle for land such as what happened at the Hacienda Luisita massacre in November 16, 2004 when the agri-workers and farmers went on strike for decent working conditions and revocation of the SDO," Flores said.

"Sec. Delos Reyes could do significant change to thwart further agrarian unrest. He could start by helping the farmers of Southern Tagalog, who are presently being harassed by private armies, government forces and other elements employed by the big landlords," he added.

KMP and KASAMA-TK are to hold a series of dialogues regarding on agrarian cases including Hacienda Yulo in Calamba, Laguna, Hacienda Looc in Nasugbu, Batangas, Ramos `lands' in Dasmarinas, Cavite, Ciudad Nuevo, KPPI and Cathay `lands' in Silang, Cavite, Sitio Seedling lands in Montalban, Araneta `lands' in Bgy. Tungkong Mangga, San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan.

"Most of these cases have pending petitions for exemptions filed by big landlords, coinciding with the systematic harassments on peasants to leave their farms such as Hacienda Yulo, where farmers are prohibited to transport out their products and elements of the police mobile groups and military are deployed at the area," Flores said.

CLOA and EP Cancellations
In addition, Ibon Foundation researched that as of December 2006, DAR has cancelled at least 108,141 CLOAs and Emancipation Patents (EPs) involving 204,579 hectares. CLOA and EP cancellations are increased by 3,790% from 1995 data of 2,780, while land area increased by 1,162% from 16, 213 hectares.

Of the cancellations, majority or 87% were due to subdivision of mother-CLOAs into individual CLOAs. It involved about 82% of the lands to 167,486 hectares.

In addition, the Sentro para sa Tunay na Repormang Agraryo Foundation (SENTRA), the lawyers group that handles agrarian cases including Hacienda Luisita, said that they have presently 205 agrarian cases from Central Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Northern Luzon, Bicol and Panay regions. Atty. Jobert Pahilga, SENTRA Executive Trustee said that about half came from Southern Tagalog, mostly from Batangas reaching to 54 cases.

Atty. Pahilga said that farmers tend to lose the case at DAR Adjudication Board (DARAB), Regional Trial Court (RTC) and the Supreme Court (SC) even material evidences are sufficient but opposed to big landlords such as Zobel-Ayalas, Roxas, Yulos, Aranetas, Cojuangcos, Puyat family, big-time real-estate developers as Henry Sy, Sobrepenas, and traditional politicians as the Revillas, Remullas, Enriles, Mitras, Villafuerte. The farmers are also against foreign corporations such as Kuok Properties; including traditional and despotic landlords in the remote rural areas in the country such as the Dolors and Lopezes of Batangas, Don Domingo Reyes of Quezon, among many others.

Thus, KMP, KASAMA-TK and SENTRA are urging Sec. Delos Reyes to look closely on agrarian cases that should have benefitted the farmers.

"He should be daring enough to oppose big and influential landlords as the provisions of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with `Reforms' (CARPer) are on their side. If he continues to serve their side, his stay at the department would be restless and he should expect more and more protests in front of his office," Flores said. #
 

     
     
           
     
     
     
           
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PRESS RELEASE
July 8, 2010
Reference: Roy Morilla, KMP Public Information Officer (0907-418-0098)

Prosecute, not socialize with Lorenzo, Noynoy told

The militant Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP, Peasant Movement of the Philippines) called on president Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino to prosecute former agriculture secretary Cito Lorenzo on his involvement with the P728-million fertilizer fund scam of the Arroyo administration. Lorenzo escaped inquiries such as the Senate Blue Ribbon committee investigation in 2005, same what his former undersecretary Jocelyn "Joc-joc" Bolante did on October 2005. Prior to their escape, the peasant group filed plunder cases against Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Lorenzo and Bolante before the Office of the Ombudsman on June 3, 2004.

The scam was discovered as peasants nationwide, particularly leaders and members of regional and provincial chapters of KMP testified that their local members never received any fertilizer subsidies as reported by the project. The group said that the fund was released 3 months before the May 2004 presidential elections and it was Bolante who coordinated its immediate release with the Dept. of Budget and Management, selected and coordinated with the lawmaker-benefactor s about the availability of the fund funneled through Ginintuang Masaganang Ani program, the agricultural program of Arroyo.

"Aquino should prosecute Lorenzo and not what he did at a social gathering on July 3 when he met him," said Danilo Ramos, KMP Secretary-General in a press statement.

"This scam has wreaked havoc to the peasants as those who testified at the Senate and gave interviews were victimized by the Arroyo regime," he added.

KMP said that Nilo Arado, Secretary-General of PAMANGGAS - Panay (KMP Panay) and a member of its National Council who testified at the senate inquiries was abducted on April 12, 2007 by believed to be elements of the military at Bgy. Cabanbanan, Oton town in Iloilo. On January 16, 2005, Ofelia Rodriguez, a peasant leader of AMC (KMP Pampanga) was shot dead by alleged agents of the military after she appeared on a public-affairs television program and affirmed she never received any fertilizer subsidy.

Also, KMP leaders such as Danilo Ramos and AMGL (KMP Central Luzon) leader Joseph Canlas observed their were being under surveillance after their testimonies at the Senate.

"We have been conned, abducted and killed, thus, this new government should be serious about investigating the fertilizer scam. Lorenzo could not be innocent as he is the immediate superior of Bolante, he should be prosecuted," Ramos said.

"We are now planning for a heightened actions as the Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez slept over the case we filed. Aquino should use all the ways and means to dig deeper this scam, expose and prosecute all those involved. If he is unable to do this, his promise for change would mean simply a mass deception of people to vote for him during elections," Ramos called. #

     
           
     
     
     

 

EXCERPTS:

LAND REFORM AND NATIONAL DEMOCRACY
(Speech delivered in Pilipino before the first Central Luzon Regional Conference of Kabataang Makabayan, at Republic Central Colleges, Angeles City, on October 31, 1965; and in English at the College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines, Los Ba¤os, Laguna on March 23, 1966.)

The Colonial Question and the Agrarian Question

AT THE PRESENT STAGE of our national history, the single immediate purpose to which our people are committed is the acievement of national democracy. On this single purpose, all are agreed, irrespective of social class, unless one belongs to a class aggrandized by the perpetuation of semi-colonial and semi- feudal conditions in our society. Unless one is a landlord or a comprador, one aspires to have his nation free from colonial and imperialist exploitation. Every patriotic Filipino wishes to liquidate imperialism and feudalism simultaneously in order to achieve national democracy.

The relation between national democracy and land reform is very clear. We can achieve genuine land reform only if we, as a nation, are free from colonial and imperialist domination. In fighting for national democracy against U.S. imperialism and feudalism today, we need to unite the peasantry - the most numerous class in our society - on the side of all other patriotic classes and we need to unite with the peasantry, as the main force or backbone of our national unity and anti-imperialist struggle.

The peasantry will join the anti-imperialist movement only if it is convinced that the movement can bring about a state capable of carrying out land reform. In his long struggle for social justice, the Filipino peasant has learned that there must first be a decisive change in the character of the state, brought about largely and fundamentally by the worker-peasant alliance. He has learned the lesson a long time ago that before democratic reforms can be completely effected the national state must be secured from imperialist control and must be firmed up by the overwhelming support of the peasantry and the working class, whose alliance is far more reliable and more qualitatively powerful than that peasant-ilustrado combination which became frustrated by U.S. imperialism at the start of this century.

If we study closely the early development of the national- democractic movement, we can see its profound basis in the agrarian situation in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. The demand for political freedom became a valid demand to the masses only when they realized that a national state, their own popular sovereignty, could protect them against the exploitative colonial power which could only benefit the colonizers and their local agents. The Philippine revolution of 1896 took full form only after the peasantry became mobilized into a powerful national liberation movement against colonialism and serfdom. The peasantry provided the mass support for the Philippine revolutionary government and fought the most intense patriotic war against colonial authority, especially in those areas where the contradiction between the peasant and the landlord was most intense. Colonial domination meant feudalism. It had to be overthrown by the armed might of the peasantry.

If we study assiduously the writings and experience of the old national democratic heroes, we cannot help but find the insistent line that the lack of political freedom of a nation is based upon economic exploitation and control by an alien power. In the case of the Filipino people, during the Spanish era, the theocratic unity of church and state and the lack of national and individual freedom were based upon the feudal economic order and upon the mutual landlordism of lay and ecclesiastical authorities.

In Dr. Jose Rizal's El Filibusterismo, you will note how the story of Cabesang Tales cries out for a nation-state capable of protecting its own citizens against foreign exploiters. The story of Cabesang Tales is no different from the lives of our peasant brothers today. He is a victim of excessive land rent, usury, servitude, extortion, insecurity from both lawless elements and legal authorities, ignorance of laws made by landlords for their own benefit, and even of his own industry which only attracts more exploitation from the exploiters. His daughter, Huli, is sacrificed to the unjust circumstances that afflict her father's goodwill as she falls prey to the pious hypocrisies of usurious do gooders and the local curate who would even violate her virginal virtues as she seeks his fatherly assistance. On the other hand, while her family suffers all these difficulties, her brother is conscripted into the colonial army - in the same way that our youth today are conscripted into the U.S. controlled military machinery - to fight peasants that are in revolt in other islands and in neighboring countries. As the unkindest cut of all to her family, Tano her brother - now called Carolino after his share of fighting for Spanish colonialism against the rebellions natives in the Carolines - would find himself in his own country to hunt down a so-called bandit called Matanglawin, his own father who has turned into a peasant rebel leading multitudes of those who had been dispossessed of their land.

In an ironic situation where the peasant conscripts must fight their own peasant brothers upon the orders of a foreign power, when the mercenaries must face mountains and mountains of guerrillas, Carolino shoots down his own grandfather, the docile and overpatient old peasant who has always advised Cabesang Tales, his aggrieved son, never to respond to the provocations of the powerful. Old as he is, representing several generations of peasant oppression and patience, he has finally become a peasant fighter after the brutal death of his dear granddaughter only to be shot down in an objective act of colonial reaction by his own unwitting grandson. It is too late when Tano or Carolino realizes it is his own grandfather he has shot, unwittingly betraying his own family and his own class. Such is the ironic situation into which many of our peasant brothers are drawn when they enlist in the military, follow the orders of U.S. trained officers, use U.S. arms, be guided by U.S.
intelligence, ideology and advice, and allow themselves to be used against their own peasant brothers in other towns or provinces in our own country, or in foreign countries where they are used by U.S. imperialism to fight peasants who are fighting for their national freedom, as in many countries of Southeast Asia today.

The story of the peasant rebel, Matanglawin, has its basis in the life of Dr. Jose Rizal. As a young man and as a leader of his people, he showed courage in exposing the exploitative practices of the friar landlords and drew up a petition seeking redress which was signed by the tenants, leaseholders and leading citizens of Calamba. What followed the petition came to be known as the Calamba Affair. Governor General Weyler surrounded the town of Calamba, burned the homes of the people, confiscated their animals and exiled the Filipino townleaders. The colonial logic of the Calamba Affair was pursued to the end, to the death and martyrdom of Rizal and to the outbreak of the Philippine revolution. The dialectics of history led to the polarization between the Filipino peasantry and the Spanish colonial authorities. What made Rizal unforgivable to the Spanish colonial authorities was his having exposed feudal exploitation to its very foundation.


 

     
     
     
           
           
  Partial list of Haciendas in the Philippines  
Hacienda / Land Lord
Hectares
Place
Danding Cojuangco Jr.
30,000
Negros, Isabela, Cagayan, Davao del Sur, Cotabato, Palawan
Hacienda San Antonio and Hacienda Sta. Isabel (Danding Cojuangco Jr., Faustino Dy, Juan Ponce Enrile)
13,085
Ilagan, Isabela
Nestle Farms
10,000 (as of now) 160,000 is their target
Isabela, Cagayan, Compostela Valley, Agusan Sur
Floreindo Family
(TADECO)
11,048 (including Davao Penal Colony)
Davao del Norte
Almagro Family
10,000
Dalaguete, Cebu
Dimaporo Family
10,000
Lanao
Hacienda de Santos
9,700
Nueva Ecija
Hacienda Banilad and Hacienda Palico (Roxas Family)
8,500
Batangas
Canlubang Sugar Estate
(Yulo Family)
7,100
Laguna
Luisa vda de Tinio
7,000
Nueva Ecija
Hacienda Luisita
(Cojuangco Family)
6,000
Tarlac
Escudero Family
4,000
Southern Tagalog
Andres Guanzon
2,945
Pampanga
Reyes Family
2,257
Southern Tagalog
Sanggalang Family
1,600
Southern Tagalog
Uy Family
1,500
Southern Tagalog
Palmares and Co. Inc
1,027
Iloilo

 

  Distribution of Land Ownership  
Farm Size
(in hectares)
Number of Owners
Overall Percentage (%)
Land Size
(in hectares)
Overall Percentage (%)
50.1 or more
9,466
0.45
1,854,179
20.79
24.1 – 50
20,353
0.99
654,828
7.34
15.1 – 24
48,376
2.35
912,790
10.24
12.1 – 15
33,929
1.64
454,953
5.10
7.1 – 12
158,879
7.70
1,451,412
16.28
3.1 – 7
414,209
20.08
1,934,289
21.68
3 or less
1,377,508
66.78
1,655,550
18.56
Total
2,062,720
100.00
8,918,011
100.00

 

  Peasants' Victory  
           

 

The peasants have struggled against powerful forces  and have suffered greatly in the process, but they have accumulated victories such as the following:

 

■   People’s Land Reform in Hacienda Luisita, Tarlac - cultivation started in 2006, about 2,000 has. have been made productive in 10 villages comprising the hacienda. Of the 2,000 has., about 700 has. have been planted to rice and some 60 has. planted to vegetables. More than 1,000 families are now tilling an average of two to 2 ˝ has. This victory is a result of the agricultural workers struggle.
 


■   In San Mariano town in Isabela province, loan interest rates reached up to 40% per cropping.  The farmer-trader negotiations in 2001, led by Alliance of Farmers in Cagayan or CAGIMUNGAN succeeded in lowering the interest rate to 13%. An estimated 100,000 peasant families in the region are benefiting from the struggle.

■   Buffalo, Tamaraw and Limus (BTL) remains in the 400-hectares of lands inside CMU despite Supreme Court 1992 ruled in favor of CMU. BTL is practicing sustainable agriculture with more than 300 TRVs in their community seed bank
 

           
BONUS TRACKS
           
Why are our farmers poor?

Download video clip of Sermon from the movie SAKADA

SAKADA  is a movie on agrarian unrest. It was shown only for a day in 1976 because the dictator Marcos banned it. Government operatives confiscated the tapes. It was only years after EDSA II that it was available for public showing again.

           
     
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