The Peace Negotiations:

Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines

 

Posted  January 19, 2010

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   Chronology of Peace Talks (1988-2003)

   Peace Talks Timeline 1992-2006

   10 GRP-NDFP Bilateral Agreements since 1992

   Proposals for Comprehensive Agreement on Socio-Economic Reforms

   More articles and publications on peace from the Philippine Peace Center

 

 

■   Bonus Tracks: CPP celebrates its 42nd anniverary

 

 

     

 

GPH-NDF JOINT COMMUNIQUE ON INFORMAL TALKS

 

Joint Communique
 

Preliminary talks were held on January 14-18, 2011 in Oslo, Norway between the Government of the Philippines (GPH, formerly known as the GRP) and the National Democratic Front  of the Philippines (NDFP) Negotiating Panels with the facilitation of the Royall Norwegian Government (RNG) to pave the way for the resumption of the formal talks.

Atty. Alexander A. Padilla headed the GPH Panel and Mr. Luis G. Jalandoni headed the NDFP Panel in the preliminary talks. Ambassador Ture Lundh was also present as head of the RNG team.

Deputy Director General Tomas Stangeland graced the opening of the preliminary talks and affirmed the continuing  commitment of the RNG in performing its role as Third Party Facilitator in the GPH-NDFP peace negotiations.

The two Panels agreed to resume the formal talks on February 15 to 21, 2011 in Oslo, Norway.  They also agreed on the agenda of the formal peace talks which is attached hereto.

The GPH Panel agreed to work for the expeditious release of  detained NDFP  consultants and other JASIG-protected persons in compliance with the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG) and in the spirit of goodwill.

Both Panels agreed to recommend to their respective principals ceasefire from February 15 to 21, 2011 as reciprocal goodwill measure to mark the resumption of formal talks after so many years.

Signed on January 18, 2011 in Oslo, Norway.
 

 

Signed:

ALEXANDER A. PADILLA - Chairperson of the GPH Panel
LUIS G. JALANDONI          - Chairperson of the NDFP Panel

 

Witnesses:


PABLITO V. SANIDAD       - GPH Panel Member (for the GPH)
JOSE MARIA SISON           - NDFP Chief Political Consultant (for the NDFP)
AMB. TURE LUNDH            - For the Royal Norwegian Government

 

 

AGENDA FOR  THE FORMAL NEGOTIATIONS
15-21 February 2011

February 15

AM
I.    Opening Ceremony
        
        - Opening Address of the RNG
        - Exchange of Credentials/ Intro of Panels 
        - Opening Statements of the Panel Chairpersons

P.M.       
II.    Reaffirmation of all Signed Agreements
III.    Suggested Timeframe for the Resumed Negotiations

16-18 February
 
IV.   Convening of the RWCs on SER to discuss the agenda, mechanics and schedule
V.     Working Groups to discuss the concept, mechanics, schedule, and interphasing with the RWCs-PCR
VI.   Reconvening of the JMC of CARHRIHL


19-20 February

VII. For Panel Plenary Discussion/Decisions
       - Reports on JASIG Issues, Prisoners and Detainees, and CBMs
       - Report on JASIG List of DI Holders
       - Report of RWCs-SER
       - Concept on WGs on PCR
       - Report of the JMC


21  February

VIII.   Issuance of Joint Communique/Closing Ceremony/Press Conference

 

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Oslo, Norway, Oct-Nov. 2003  Informat talks Day 1    
           
           

 

CPP to demand end to Aquino's privatization, deregulation policies in negotiations

January 9, 2011

Amid sharp increases in toll rates and train fares and skyrocketing prices of petroleum products and basic commodities, the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) today said it will demand an end to the Aquino government's policies of privatization, deregulation and neoliberalization when formal peace negotiations between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) formally resume in February in Oslo, Norway.

"The denationalization, privatization, deregulation and neoliberalization policies of the Aquino government are among the most onerous and antipeople economic policies imposed by the US imperialists through the International Monetary Fund, World Bank and other international funding and finance agencies," said the CPP. "This has been the cornerstone of the economic policies of the puppet Philippine government since the first Aquino regime in the late 1980s and has been the source of superprofits for foreign big corporations and their local comprador partners."

"These policies have resulted in grave hardships for the Filipino people in the past two decades. The privatization and deregulation of the water, energy, oil, transportation, communications, health, education and other sectors have subjected the people to the profit whims of foreign and comprador commercial interests," the CPP pointed out.

"Judging by its further public avowals to ensure the profitability and freedom from regulatory risks of participants in its banner Public-Private Partnership Program, the Aquino government is set to surpass all past regimes in terms of subservience to the interests of big foreign and comprador business interests," said the CPP. "It has exhibited extra vigor in pushing for and defending increases in the toll rates of the South and North Luzon expressways and increases in the fare rates for the MRT and LRT trains. These increases have now triggered hikes in other public transport fares."

The CPP added that even water services rates in Metro Manila have been drastically raised by joint foreign and local service contractors, while the continuing hikes in electricity rates have been a perennial problem.

"On the other hand, it has shown complete indifference to the clamor of the Filipino people for urgent and fundamental economic reforms," added the CPP said further. "Aquino has shown no interest to carry out genuine and widespread land reform, especially as it is beholden to his big landlord clan's feudal and comprador interests. His regime has no blueprint to develop the economy's industrial and technological base in order to break its dependence on imports and foreign debt. He has remained deaf to the clamor for wage increases and policies to regulate oil prices amid the sharp rise in the people's cost of living."

"Aquino is bringing the deregulation policy to new heights by being the first government since the 1980s to make wholesale budgetary cuts for social spending," said the CPP, noting how the budgets for education, health, OFW legal assistance and other social services were reduced in the 2011 budget.

"More than 20 years of privatization, deregulation, liberalization and denationalization have resulted in foreign big corporations seizing greater control of the commanding heights of the Philippine economy," said the CPP. "The Filipino people have been exploitated and bled dry by foreign monopoly companies and banks. They are now suffering from the worst effects of these IMF-imposed policies."

The CPP called on the Filipino people "to intensify their struggle against the privatization policies of the Aquino government and oppose its Public-Private Partnership Program. They should oppose the increases in toll rates, train fares and the like, and demand the cancellation of contracts that favor the interests of foreign banks and companies and trample on the national and social interests of the Filipino people."

The CPP said the upcoming resumption of formal peace negotiations between the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP), which have socio-economic reforms as the next immediate agenda, "should serve as an opportunity for the Filipino people and their revolutionary forces to put to question and demand an end to the denationalization, privatization, deregulation, liberalization policies of the Aquino regime."

Preliminary talks are set for next week in order to settle outstanding matters regarding problems with the GRP's compliance of earlier agreements, including the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG) and the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CARHRIHL).
 

Reference:
Marco Valbuena
Media Officer
Cellphone Numbers: 09156596802 :: 09282242061
E-mail:cppmedia@gmail.com

 

 

Go to: NDFP website

 

     
           
           

 

Articles and publications from:

 

 

 

On the Peace Negotiations

 

An Overview of the GRP-NDFP Peace Negotiations

 by Rey Claro Casambre,

Executive Director, Philippine Peace Center

for the  Workshop on the Peace Process and Human Rights

Philippine Political Parties Conference

29 June 2005

Click here for the power point presentation

 

Feb. 2004 Oslo Joint Statement

 

Update on and Prospects for the GRP-NDFP Peace Negotiations

Rey Claro Casambre

Executive Director, Philippine Peace Center

April 2005

 

Update on the GRP-NDFP Peace Negotiations
Paper read by Atty. Edre Olalia for Mr. Casambre at the “Waging Peace in the Philippines – Facilitating Processes, Consolidating  Participation,”  at the Social Development Center, Ateneo de Manila University
Rey Claro C. Casambre, Philippine Peace Center

December 2003

 

GRP and NDFP inch closer to resumption of formal peace talks
NDFP Press Release
11 Oct 2003

 

 

 

Genuine Peace or Pacification? The Current Status and Trends in the GRP-NDFP and GRP-MILF Peace Negotiations
Paper for Pilgrims for Peace National Peace Conference, Miriam College
Rey Claro C. Casambre. Philippine Peace Center

Sept 12, 2003

 

Articles on Peace Negotiations

 

The Forces of Change Must Prevail
by Rey Claro C. Casambre, Philippine Peace Center
 

Prospects for Genuine Peace
 

Philippine National Legislation on International Humanitarian Law Should Address Problems Particular to Filipinos
Presented at the Forum to Commemorate International Humanitarian Law Day, August 16, 2001 held at Carlos P. Garcia Conference Hall, Department of Foreign Affairs
Romeo T. Capulong, Ad Litem Judge,
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

 

 

Publications

 

The Ramos Peace Program - Towards a Genuine Peace or a Mere Pacification Program?
 

The GRP-NDFP Peace Talks: Why the Slow Pace
    by Atty. Romeo T. Capulong, PILC and PPC


On the SPCPD and the GRP-MNLF Peace Agreement
    by Atty. Marie Francesca J. Yuviengco, PILC
*Both papers were presented by the authors in a forum on the GRP-NDFP Peace Talks and GRP-MNLF Agreement last August 8, 1996, sponsored by the National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) Program Unit for Peace and the Promition of Church People's Response (PCPR).


Toward an Agreement on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law
 

GRP-NDFP Peace Talks: Gains, Problems and Prospects
 

 

 

           
           
     

 

Resist the ultra-reactionaries and fascists and rally in pursuit of a just and lasting peace
Communist Party of the Philippines
January 13, 2011

The Filipino people and their revolutionary forces aspire for a just and lasting peace that is based on national sovereignty, democracy and social justice. The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) assert that a just and lasting peace cannot be achieved under a system that caters to foreign big corporations and their local big comprador, landlord and bureaucrat capitalist collaborators. Their political, military and economic power is built on a system of oppression and exploitation that consigns the Filipino people to backwardness, poverty, slavery and misery.

The ruling economic and political elite zealously defend the rotten semicolonial and semifeudal system through a combination of violent suppression and deception. To achieve a just and lasting peace, the Filipino people have no other recourse but to wage revolution. They carry out people's war to build their democratic political power and smash the dominance of foreign masters and the ruling elite.

The raging civil war in the Philippines is one between two regimes and forces: the ruling Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and its reactionary forces on the one hand, and the nascent People's Democratic Government of the Philippines as represented by the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) and its allied revolutionary forces.

While waging armed resistance, the revolutionary forces through the NDFP always remain open to talk peace with the GRP as long as the latter is open to discuss and resolve the basic socio-economic and political issues that are at the root of the current civil war .

For close to 20 years, The Hague Joint Declaration, co-signed by the NDFP and the GRP in 1992, has served as the basic document guiding the peace negotiations. It outlines the objectives, framework, principles and agenda of the peace talks. It enumerates the substantive issues to be addressed: human rights; socio-economic reforms; political and constitutional reforms; and disposition of forces. The resolution of these issues through peaceful settlement would serve as basis for putting an end to the armed hostilities.

The NDFP and all allied revolutionary forces have upheld all previous agreements forged in peace negotiations with the GRP since 1992. This is well marked in the effort of the CPP and NDF to propagate the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CARHRIHL)--the product of negotiations on the first substantive agenda signed in 1998--as a basic educational material for all revolutionary forces. In particular, the CARHRIHL now serves as a reference and guide for all NPA Red fighters in the conduct of the revolutionary armed struggle.

The CPP appreciates the prospects of the current breakthrough in the long-stalled negotiations. It is, however, fully aware that the US imperialists, the puppet fascist forces and the diehard reactionaries dominant in the Aquino government are bent on hampering the NDFP-GRP peace negotiations. They may not outrightly be opposing the NDFP-GRP peace negotiations but they constantly attack the side of the NDFP; muddle previous agreements, including the framework and processes of the talks; and propagate the distorted notion that peace negotiations should be premised on ceasefire, and are meant only for the pacification and surrender of the revolutionary armed struggle. They are in constant opposition to the people's just demands for basic social, economic and political reforms. They denounce the people's armed resistance as an obstacle to peace, while waging brutal military campaigns of counterrevolutionary suppression in the countryside.

They toe the line of the US Counterinsurgency Guide that puts premium on waging psychological warfare and carrying out disinformation and sly political offensives to camouflage and complement the brutal campaigns of military suppression. Their thread is now embossed in the AFP's recently unveiled Oplan Bayanihan which is fundamentally no different from the brutal Oplan Bantay Laya campaign of the AFP under the Arroyo regime.

The fascist military, paramilitary, police and security forces formally recognize but violate with utter impunity ceasefires and other agreements forged in the peace negotiations. The AFP and PNP showed extreme contempt for the simultaneous and concurrent ceasefire declaration of a 19-day ceasefire during the last holiday season, which was made to boost the scheduled resumption of formal peace negotiations as well as to allow the observations of traditions and celebrations. Across the country, they continued to carry out military operations within and around guerrilla fronts. There was no letup in their terror campaigns as well as in the counterinsurgency psywar and intelligence operations in communities suspected to be revolutionary base areas. They treacherously arrested some NPA personnel on the road, making visits and undergoing medication.

Fascist AFP units maliciously launched aggresive military operations aimed to inflict casualties on the revolutionary forces right before the ceasefire period. In Northern Samar, a major target of such massive and intensive operations, the local NPA unit was, however, able to rapidly maneuver and launch a successful counter-offensive that resulted in the annihilation of the attackers.

Continued military operations as well as prepositioning maneuvers by the AFP in areas within and surrounding the guerrilla fronts during the ceasefire period proper made the concurrent ceasefire highly untenable. Still, NPA units were able to hold their fire, and maneuvered to prevent armed encounters up to the last day of the ceasefire period.

After being at a standstill for more than half a decade, the prospect of the resumption of formal peace negotiations with the GRP under the current Aquino presidency is welcome to the revolutionary forces. The CPP and NDFP appreciated the appointment last November to the GRP negotiating panel of personalities who have amicable relations with the revolutionary movement. The preliminary talks last December between the two negotiating panels have been both cordial and fruitful. Since then, the CPP and NDFP have been looking forward to further preliminary talks scheduled soon and the opening of formal talks slated for February in order to proceed with the next substantive agenda that centers on socio-economic issues and reforms.

Since 1998, the NDFP has prepared its draft Comprehensive Agreement on Socio-Economic Reforms (CASER) that lays down proposals for national self-reliance, social justice and the people's socio-economic and cultural development.

The NDFP's draft seeks to end the prevailing rotten semicolonial and semifeudal system and the backward, pre-industrial and agrarian economy. The draft seeks to end imperialist domination of the Philippine economy, including the prevailing policies of liberalization, denationalization, privatization and deregulation that promote import-dependence, foreign indebtedness, economic backwardness, mass unemployment, poverty and misery. It seeks to break the land monopoly in the countryside and carrying out the free distribution of land to the tillers.

The prospects of the resumption of formal negotiations, however, are imperilled by the stubborn and continuing GRP violations of past agreements, including the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG), as well as the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CAHRIHL).

Despite repeated calls for their release, the GRP has yet to release at least 12 NDFP consultants and other accredited NDFP staffers who have been arrested and detained in blatant violation of the JAS IG. The CPP, the NDFP and the revolutionary forces reiterate their demand for the GRP to unconditionally and immediately release the detained NDFP peace consultants in order to give way to progress of the peace talks.

The CPP demands the immediate release of NDFP peace consultant, Comrade Tirso Alcantara ("Ka Bart") who was arrested last January 4. Ka Bart is supposed to represent the revolutionary forces in Southern Luzon in the peace talks.

The CPP also demands the immediate release of Eduardo Sarmiento, Eduardo Serrano, Edgardo Sacamay, Glicerio Pernia, Angela Ipong, Jaime Soledad, Randy Malayao, Alfredo Mapano, Jovencio Balweg, and other NDFP consultants who have remained in prison since they were arrested during the previous Arroyo regime. The CPP also asks the Aquino government to resolve the outstanding cases of enforced disappearance of other NDFP peace consultants, including Leo Velasco, Prudencio Calubid, Rogelio Calubad, and their staff members, carried out in gross violation of the JASIG and CARHRIHL.

If unresolved, these violations of the JASIG, as well as other violations of other agreements, may stall the resumption of formal negotiations.

In accordance with the CARHRIHL, the revolutionary forces also demand the release by the GRP of almost 400 political detainees. The GRP must also finally settle the long-overdue indemnification of the victims of the Marcos dictatorshipThe GRP should prosecute and punish the criminal masterminds and principal perpetrators of extrajudicial killings, abductions, torture, harassments and terrorizing of social activist, vocal critics and innocent people. The current ruling regime must also work to undo its predecessor's connivance with the US and other imperialist powers to falsely and maliciously include the CPP and NPA in those countries' list of "foreign terrorist organizations."

The CPP seeks the best that may be achieved through peace talks. However, the Filipino people cannot principally rely on peace negotiations to achieve a just and lasting peace, especially given the duplicity of the GRP and its repeated violations of existing agreements. The revolutionary forces must continue to firmly hold on to their arms, and relentlessly wage people's war until the puppet reactionary rule is finally replaced and a new democratic order is established.

The CPP urges all peace-loving Filipinos to study the documents of the NDFP-GRP peace negotiations, demand compliance with all agreements, and rally in support of the resumption and progress of the peace talks. At the same time, the CPP calls on the people to be keen against and resist the dogged psywar and disinformation campaign and brutal aggressions waged by the fascists and ultra-reactionaries in the puppet reactionary goverment and armed forces. The CPP calls on the people to unite against the ultra-reactionary demons and fascist forces that keep lashing at the revolutionary forces and detering negotiations for a just and lasting peace.
 

     
     
Oslo, Norway, Oct-Nov. 2003  Informat talks Day 2
     
     
     
     
     
           
Oslo, Norway, Oct-Nov. 2003  Solidarity meetings    
     
     

 

NDFP demands the release of NDFP Consultan

 

Friday, 07 January 2011
NDFP INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OFFICE
Utrecht, The Netherlands

In a letter to GRP Panel Chairperson Alexander Padilla dated 5 January 2011, Luis Jalandoni, NDFP Panel Chairperson, demanded the release of Tirso “Ka Bart” Alcantara in accordance with the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG).

Jalandoni confirmed the declaration of the Communist Party of the Philippines that Ka Bart is one of the Philippine-based consultants of the NDFP in the peace negotiations with the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP).

“In view of the forthcoming preliminary peace talks and the scheduled resumption of formal talks,” Jalandoni wrote, “the NDFP Negotiating Panel urges you to pay special attention to the just demand of the NDFP Negotiating Panel and urge your Principal in the GRP to ensure the release of Mr. Tirso Alcantara as soon as possible.”

Jalandoni, citing media reports about Alcantara's being wounded during his arrest, further stated, “Pending his release, while in custody, he should be allowed to be treated by doctors of his choice and be visited by his family and his lawyers.”

Finally, in his letter, copy furnished to Ambassador Ture Lundh of the Royal Norwegian Foreign Ministry, Jalandoni referred to the “urgency in making sure that the release of other illegally detained NDFP Consultants and those who are JASIG-protected be carried out in compliance with the JASIG.

Reference:
Ruth de Leon
Executive Director
NDFP International Information Office
Utrecht, The Netherlands
email: ndf@casema.nlThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
tel: +31-30-2310431 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting +31-30-2310431

 

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xInformation Bureau
Communist Party of the Philippines
Press Release
January 12, 2011

CPP demands Ka Bart be released in order to sit in NDFP peace panel

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) today reiterated the demand for the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) to immediately release Tirso Alcantara (“Ka Bart”) to enable him to sit as a consultant of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) and represent the Southern Tagalog region once formal peace negotiations with the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) resumes.

“The continued detention of Ka Bart and other NDFP peace consultants and their staff constitutes a blatant violation of the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG),” said the CPP. “The GRP must comply with its obligations under JASIG and effect the release of Ka Bart and other detained NDFP consultants and accredited personnel.”

“Every minute that NDFP consultants are detained by the GRP in violation of the JASIG puts into question the compliance of the GRP with past agreements and imperils the future of the peace talks,” added the CPP. “The continued detention of the NDFP personnel and more than 300 other political prisoners is a serious obstacle to the peace process.”

The CPP has asked the NDFP peace panel to take up in the upcoming preliminary talks with the GRP negotiating panel the matter of the GRP’s violations of the JASIG and other previous agreements. “These issues should be resolved before the resumption of formal peace talks.”

The CPP also denounced the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) for continuing to detain Ka Bart and insisting without basis that he is not a consultant of the NDFP. “As somebody who is in the top leadership of the revolutionary movement in his area of responsibility and who has previously taken part in public activities related to the peace talks, including the facilitation of the release of AFP prisoners of war, Ka Bart's status as a duly accredited representative of the NDFP has long been established.”

In a letter to GRP negotiating panel head Alex Padilla, NDFP chief negotiator Luis Jalandoni confirmed the earlier pronouncement of the CPP that Alcantara is among the holders of a Document of Identification issued by the NDFP to its personnel participating in peace negotiations. He also clarified that the use of assumed names of most of the NDFP consultants in the documents of identification was agreed upon by both sides as a necessary measure to protect the security of personnel involved in the peace process.

The CPP said that it does not accept the AFP’s justification that it arrested Ka Bart on the basis of warrants arising from cases filed against him. “They have filed trumped-up charges against Ka Bart in violation of the JASIG.” The CPP pointed out that most of the consultants of the NDFP involved in peace negotiations have been charged with similar trumped-up criminal cases.

“If the AFP insists on pursuing this practice, then the government military and security forces will be free to arrest all other NDFP peace consultants making a mockery of the JASIG and other agreements entered into by the GRP and making a joke out of the peace talks,” added the CPP.

 

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Friday, 07 January 2011
CPP urges preliminary talks to take up JASIG violations, release of political prisoners and human rights issues
By CPP Information Bureau

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) today urged the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) negotiating panel to take up in the upcoming preliminary talks with the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) on January 14-18 the issues of government forces' violations of the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG), the continued detention of some 400 political prisoners and the long-delayed indemnification of victims of human rights abuses.

"In line with the objective of giving the formal resumption of peace negotiations a boost, the CPP sees the urgent need to get the GRP's commitment to comply with the JASIG, put an end to the continued detention of political prisoners and work to provide justice to all the victims of state violations of human rights," said the CPP.

The release of political prisoners, investigation of human rights abuses under the Arroyo government and the indemnification of the victims of the Marcos dictatorship are long overdue in accordance the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CAHRIHL).

"The GRP must reprimand and instruct the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), the Philippine National Police (PNP) and its other security agencies to stop violating these agreements," the CPP said further.

"Otherwise, there will be no sense for the NDFP to talk peace with the GRP's negotiating panel while its military and police forces continue to violate with impunity whatever agreements have been reached and signed."

The CPP made the statements in the aftermath of the January 4 arrest of Comrade Tirso "Ka Bart" Alcantara -- in violation of the JASIG as well as the treacherous arrest of at least two other cadres and their companions during the ceasefire period. On December 17, NDFP Northcentral Mindanao leader Pedro Codaste was arrested with four others at a checkpoint in Bayugan, Agusan del Norte. On January 1, Edwin Brigano, an NPA cadre in the Southern Mindanao region was arrested while undergoing medical treatment for serious respiratory illness and hepatitis.

The CPP denounced the AFP and the Philippine National Police (PNP) for filing trumped-up criminal charges against the arrested CPP/NDF/NPA leaders "in a desperate effort to justify their illegal and treacherous arrests and continued detention." The CPP said that while most of the criminal charges are trumped-up, the others stem from legitimate acts of war, are governed by international rules and do not fall within the jurisdiction of Philippine penal laws.

"If there are legitimate complaints, these should be subjected to negotiations in accordance with the CARHRIHL."

"In compliance with the JASIG, the CPP and the NDFP reiterate their demand for the Philippine government to immediately release Ka Bart in order for this matter not to stall the resumption of formal peace negotiations," added the CPP. "It further calls for the immediate release of Comrades Codaste and Brigano, as well as other detained NDFP consultants."

Reference:
Marco Valbuena
Media Officer
Cellphone Numbers: 09156596802 :: 09282242061
E-mail: cppmedia@gmail.com

 

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The use of assumed names agreed upon by GRP and NDFP since 1996

Saturday, 08 January 2011
By LUIS G. JALANDONI
Chairperson, Negotiating Panel
National Democratic Front of the Philippines

The use of assumed names in the Documents of Identification under the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG) was already agreed upon by the GRP and the NDFP negotiating panels on June 26, 1996. Both Parties agreed that this was necessary to protect the security of those involved in the peace talks. The agreement entitled, “Additional Implementing Rules Pertaining to the Documents of Identification” was signed in The Hague by then GRP Panel Chairperson Ambassador Howard Dee and me as Chairperson of the NDFP Negotiating Panel.

Therefore the list of names of NDFP holders of Documents of Identification contains mostly assumed names. Those using real names are NDFP Negotiating Panel members and consultants based abroad plus a few others.

This list has been given to the GRP negotiating panel chairpersons Howard Dee (in 1996) and Silvestre H. Bello III (in 2001).

General Roland Detabali's statements regarding the JASIG and his demand to the NDFP to give the names of those with Documents of Identification indicate an utter lack of knowledge of GRP-NDFP agreements and practice in the peace negotiations.

 

 

     
     
     
     
March 1998
     
     
     
     
     
           
     
     
     

Inaugurating the Joint Monitoring offices of the GRP and NDFP

June 2004

 

Continued AFP counter-insurgency operations and terrorism make a mockery of ceasefire -- CPP

Wednesday, 29 December 2010
By CPP Information Bureau

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) decried numerous ceasefire violations by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) as the latter continues to carry out aggressive counterinsurgency operations and terrorism in various places in the country. The 19-day reciprocal and concurrent holiday ceasefire between the AFP and the New People's Army (NPA) began on December 16, 2010 and will last until January 3, 2011.

"Local mass organizations and NPA units have reported that the AFP continues to carry out aggressive operations, terrorizing the masses in the guerrilla fronts where the NPA operates," said the CPP. "The AFP thus shows its scorn and mockery of the mutual ceasefire as its units continue to launch offensive military operations."

A partial report from the Ilocos-Cordillera Region listed the following violations:
 

1.On December 16, the 5th Infantry Division (Armed Forces of the Philippines) sent a special commando unit against target New People's Army forces and sympathizers along the boundary of Aguinaldo town in Ifugao and Natonin town in Mountain Province. The following day, the 5th ID's commando forces positioned themselves in Sitio Tappo, Brgy. Banawel, Natonin where offensive military operations, side-by-side with Civil-Military Operations (CMO) for cover, were then being conducted by a Re-engineered Special Operations Team (RSOT) of the 5th ID.
 

2.Offensive RSOT operations are now simultaneously being carried out in other barangays of Natonin, including Tonglayan, Alunugan, Botac, Balangaw, Banawel, Saliyok at Maducayan, and also in Bananao, Botigue and several other barangays of Paracelis town, also in Mountain Province. These special operations teams harass and threaten local residents suspected of being members or sympathizers of the NPA.

The CPP also disclosed that partial reports have been received from NPA units in the Southern Tagalog region, which include the following ceasefire violations by AFP forces:

1. On December 16-17, units under the Philippine Army's 5th Infantry Batallion (5th IBPA) carried out offensive military operations in Barangays White Cliff, Busuk-Busukan and San Juan, all in San Narciso town, Quezon.
 

2. On December 17, a 24-man platoon of the 85th IBPA conducted military operations in Sitio Mageron, Brgy. Nasalaan, San Francisco town, where they rounded up the menfolk and forced them to undress.
 

3. On December 22, operating troops from the detachment of the 74th IBPA in Brgy. Ilayang Tayuman in San Francisco town joined the operations of the 85th IBPA and harassed the residents of Barangays Sinagtala and Whitecliff in San Narciso town, maliciously taking pictures of the residents.
 

4. On December 23, military operations were also carried out in Brgy. San Pedro, Mulanay town, Quezon simultaneous with military operations in Brgy. Busuk-busukan in San Narciso.
 

5. Company-sized military operations continue to be conducted by joint forces of the 85th IBPA and 74th IBPA in other barangays of San Narciso, including Binay, Busok-busokan, San Vicente and Vigo Central.

Reference:
Marco Valbuena
Media Officer
Cellphone Numbers: 09156596802 :: 09282242061
E-mail: cppmedia@gmail.com

 

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Friday, 07 January 2011

NDFP INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION OFFICE
Utrecht, The Netherlands

In a letter to GRP Negotiating Panel Chairperson Alexander Padilla dated 5 January 2011, Luis Jalandoni, NDFP Negotiating Panel Chairperson declared that his panel “has received reports and complaints of numerous ceasefire violations by the Armed Forces of the Philippines and Philippine National Police” during the unilateral, concurrent and reciprocal ceasefire from December 16, 2010 to January 3, 2011.

Among the cited violations were the following:

1. The arrest of NPA cadre, Edwin Brigano, at 3 a.m.on January 1 by the Special Action Force of the PNP. Brigano was in a relative's house to undergo medical treatment for a serious respiratory illness and hepatitis. He was detained and slapped with trumped-up charges.
 

2. The killing of 19-year-old cultural activist, Stephen Lester Barrientos, at midnight of December 23 in Barangay Bayotbot, San Jose, Occidental Mindoro. The forces of the 80th IB under Lt. Col. Roger Percol indiscriminately strafed the house where a small NPA team was visiting. After the relatives retrieved the body of Barrientos, they were harassed by the 80th IB forces who further arrested Christian Bascos, an NPA member, and his two companions.
 

3. On December 23, military operations were carried out in Brgy. San Pedro, Mulanay, Quezon, simultaneous with military operations in Brgy. Busuk-busukan in San Narciso. On December 22, troops from the 74th IB in Brgy. Ilayang Tayuman in San Francisco town joined the operations of the 85th IB and harassed the residents of Brgys. Sinagtala and Whitecliff in San Narciso, maliciously taking pictures of the residents. Company-sized military operations continue to be conducted by the 85th IB and 74th IB in other barangays of San Narciso, including Binay, Busuk-busokan, San Vicente and Vigo Central.
 

4. For several days starting December 21, troops of the 61st IB conducted combat clearing operations in at least six upland barangays of Tapaz, Capiz and Calinog, Iloilo. The massive show of terrorism in these populated areas created fear among the local population..
 

5. On December 17, police operatives arrested NDF-North Central Mindanao officer Pedro Codaste and his companions at a checkpoint in Bayugan, Agusan del Sur.
 

6. On December 16, the 5th ID sent a special commando unit to target NPA forces and sympathizers along the boundary of Aguinaldo town in Ifugao and Natonin town in Mt. Province. The following day, the 5th ID's commando forces positioned themselves in Sitio Tappo, Brgy. Banawel, Natonin. More military operations by the Re-engineered Special Operations Team (RSOT) of the 5th ID followed in many other barangays. In these and other communities, the AFP's RSOT units conducted “census” of barangays, tag residents in a list of “NPA sympathizers”, place them on “Order of Battle”, announce the list in community psywar assemblies, force those tagged to personally report to the military and subject them to various forms of harassment and coercion, including torture and threats of liquidation.

Jalandoni stated that these are partial and initial reports as of January 3 and that additional reports will be brought up to the GRP Negotiating Panel.

In closing, Jalandoni declared, “In the interest of the forthcoming preliminary peace talks and the scheduled resumption of formal talks, we urge you to take up these reports and complaints … with your Principal for adequate and urgent action.

Jalandoni furnished a copy of his letter to Ambassador Ture Lundh of the Royal Norwegian Foreign Ministry.

Referece:
Ruth de Leon
Executive Director
NDFP International Information Office
Utrecht, The Netherlands
email: ndf@casema.nlThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
tel. +31-30-2310431 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting +31-30-2310431

 

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Partial list of AFP ceasefire violations in Mindanao
Jorge "Ka Oris" Madlos
Spokesperson
National Democratic Front of the Philippines-Mindanao
January 11, 2011

For reference to the Media and the whole public, we are issuing this partial list of AFP ceasefire violations in Mindanao for the period covering December 16, 2010 to January 3, 2011:
In Northeastern Mindanao Region

1. December 16, 2011, during the ceasefire period up to this writing, AFP troops conducted Community Organizing for Peace and Development (COPD or CMO) in Surigao del Norte.

a. Barrios of Malimono: Brgys Tinago, Bunyasan, Hanagdong, Cansayon, Masgad, and Cantapoy

b. Barrios of Surigao City: Brgys Silop, Mapawa, Trinidad, Mabwa, Mat-I and Anomar

c. Brgy. Ima of Sison

2. November 18 - December 27, 2010, prolonged military operations until the Ceasefire Period in Bislig City, Surigao del Sur. Barrios covered: San Agustin and Sitio Mabog, San Agustin, Sitio Km41 in San Roque.

3. December 23-25, 2010. Random checkpoints in the municipalities of Lianga, San Agustin and Marihatag in Surigao del Sur. This military checkpoint aimed to discover the venue of the 42nd Anniversary celebration of the CPP in Mindanao.

4. December 26, 2010. Checkpoints at the entrances of the venue of the CCP 42nd Anniversary celebration aimed to stop the people from attending the celebration.
In North Central Mindanao Region

5. December 17, police operatives arrested NDF-North Central Mindanao officer Pedro Codaste and his companions at a checkpoint in Bayugan, Agusan del Sur.

6. December 17, one platoon of the 58th IB conducted combat patrol at the hinterland barangays of Sangay and Ginabsan all of Buenavista, Agusan del Norte.

7. December 17 -26, one squad from the 8th IB, conducted COPD in the hinterlands of Brgy. Sayawan, Municipality of Impasugong, Bukidnon.

8. December 17 - 27, 23rd IB - CAA detachment conducted checkpoint and searched all passersby at the hinterland barangay of Gilang-gilang, Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.

9. December 17-31, four platoons of the 8th IB conducted combat patrol at the hinterland barangay of Matupi, San Fernando, Bukidnon.
In Southern Mindanao Region

10. January 2, 2011, Edwin Brigano, 53 years old, was arrested around 3 a.m. of Saturday. Brigano was undergoing medical treatment for a serious respiratory illness and hepatitis.
In Far Southern Mindanao Region

11. December 18, 2010, a squad from the 73rd IB troopers conducted military operations in the hinterland Brgy. Upper Suyan, Malapatan, Sarangani Province. They entered sitio Dungan Bahay, Brgy. Upper Suyan and ransacked the house of a lumad named Sumil. The soldiers interrogated Sumil and at gunpoint forced him to pinpoint where "Kumander Boyax" was, to which Sumil denied having any knowledge of his whereabouts. The military then confiscated his bolo and threatened to hack him.

12. December 18, 2010, the Alpha Company of the 27th IB and Cafgu elements conducted military patrol in several barrios of Columbio, Sultan Kudarat specifically in Sitio Dam, Brgy. Maligaya. On December 23 they entered Brgy. Sinapulan and reportedly harassed the residents, many of whom oppose the mining operations of Xstrata-SMI.

13. December 23-27, 2010, the Bravo Company of the 68th IB under 1Lt. Cebreon and some Cafgu elements conducted foot patrol in Barangays Batang, Baynosa and in Lanao, Sitio Lambusong, Brgy. Bacong all of Tulunan town, North Cotabato. They also entered Barangays Bella Flores, Malabuan and Guangan, all in Makilala town, North Cotabato. On the evening of December 23 they were seen by several residents in ambush position in Brgy. Baynosa, near the Stanfilco-Dole banana plantation. Later they moved to the hinterland sitios of Brgy. Bacong, Tulunan, North Cotabato.

14. December 30, 2010, about 3 pm until the early morning of December 31, a platoon of 39th IB contingents and Cafgus in full battle gear positioned themselves in Brgy. Macol and Brgy. Sanghay, Malita, Davao del Sur. Their presence was noted by a number of residents who were afraid of what they called "a possible military operation" that could disrupt their New Year's celebration.
Western Mindanao Region -- still no reports

Released by the office of the Spokesperson of the NDFP-Mindanao

 

 

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
           
     
     
     
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BONUS TRACKS

CPP  celebrtes its 42nd anniversary

           

 

CPP Marks 42nd Year with ‘Grandest’ Celebration Ever

Ka Oris, spokesman of the CPP-led National Democratic Front of the Philippines in Mindanao, said President Benigno S. Aquino III’s new counter-insurgency program dubbed “Oplan Bayanihan” will become another “failure” like the Oplan Bantay Laya (OBL) 1 and 2 of the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration.

By RAYMUND B. VILLANUEVA
www.bulatlat.com


EASTERN MINDANAO — The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) held what it called its grandest anniversary celebration ever somewhere in the Caraga region on Dec. 26, marking its 42 years of existence.

Jorge Madlos, also known as Ka Oris, spokesman of the CPP-led National Democratic Front of the Philippines in Mindanao, said that at least 8,000 individuals from four regions in Mindanao attended the event. About 30 large vehicles brought peasants, workers, students, religious, lawyers and the media to the event that threaded through several military and police checkpoints to reach the venue — a mere kilometer away from the provincial highway.

“Checkpoints were setup by the 4th Infantry Division all over the Caraga region in a desperate attempt by the AFP to prevent the people from joining the celebrations of the CPP anniversary,” said Ka Oris.

Listen to Kodao Productions’ audio coverage of the Communist Party of the Philippines’s (CPP) 2010 anniversary celebration and press conference with NDF Mindanao spokesperson Jorge “Ka Oris” Madlos. (Photo by Raymund B. Villanueva / Kodao Productions / bulatlat.com)

According to a press release sent by NDF-Mindanao, traffic built up to around two kilometers along the main highway leading to San Agustin town, Surigao del Sur, because of the checkpoints set up by military and police operatives. “The military and police unreasonably blocked the people’s free movement insisting on listing all the license numbers of vehicles, asking for registration papers and checking the license of drivers,” Ka Oris said.

The vehicles were only allowed to proceed when reporters and cameramen from local and international media outfits arrived, said Ka Oris. “The attempts to stop people from joining the celebrations of the CPP violated the spirit and intent of the simultaneous ceasefire which, among others, was meant to allow personnel of both sides to be with their families and friends to hold celebrations during the holidays,” added Ka Oris.

Despite the harassments at the checkpoints, the participants to the celebration were able to proceed to the venue.

The Communist Party of the Philippines held its grandest anniversary celebration ever on December 26. (Photo by Raymund B. Villanueva / Kodao Productions / bulatlat.com)

From about nine in the morning, the crowd freely mingled with at least two full companies of New People’s Army (NPA) fighters and having their pictures taken with the uniformed guerillas armed with high-powered assault and sniper rifles. Children were carried on their parents’ shoulders to get a clear view of the speakers and the performers on the elevated stage while several “kitchen teams” were preparing lunch under tents, evoking a town fiesta atmosphere. Makeshift toilets around the main venue were also constructed in anticipation of the huge crowd even as surrounding houses opened their doors to strangers in search of other toilets.

A pass-in-review by an NPA company -– three platoons of 25 fighters each — at the beginning of the program had the crowd surging forward to be as close to the rebels, some with colorfully painted faces in preparation for their own “cultural performances” later in the program.

In his speech, Ka Oris congratulated the CPP as it established three new guerilla fronts in Mindanao from last year’s 39. He said that each front has platoon or company-sized rebel formations on top of “people’s militias.”

The rebel spokesman also announced that the NPA launched 250 tactical offensives in 2010, seizing about 200 high-powered firearms from government troops and achieving a “casualty ratio” of 10 government soldiers for every rebel killed in action.

Ka Oris criticized President Benigno S. Aquino III’s new counter-insurgency program dubbed “Oplan Bayanihan,” calling it another “impending failure” like the Oplans Bantay Laya (OBL) 1 and 2 of the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration.

“Instead of being decimated by OBL 1, the whole revolutionary movement has grown bigger and stronger. OBL 2 failed not only in reducing the revolutionary forces to inconsequentiality but in stopping the continued advance of the people’s war,” he said.

Aquino’s Oplan Bayanihan is a rehash of old counter-insurgency programs that seek to deodorize the brutality of the “fascist government” with human-rights rhetoric, psy-war lies, dole-out campaigns, so-called community organizing for peace and development, and other political gimmickry, Ka Oris added.

The NDFP-Mindanao spokesman urged the CPP to “boldly expand and strengthen” itself and the NPA “to annihilate its enemies and seize more weapons.” He also called on the CPP to fulfill the requirements for completing the strategic defensive stage of its Maoist revolution in the next five years to achieve the stage of “strategic stalemate” against the government of the Philippines.

The celebrations included a “peace forum” where Ka Oris explained the NDFP’s “peace Agenda” as he reiterated that the impending formal peace talks between the NDFP and the Philippines in Oslo, Norway, in February follow the Joint Hague Declaration of 1992. Representatives from the religious, peasant, workers, legal, and youth sectors, indigenous peoples, and local government units took turns in expressing support to the formal peace talks. He also answered questions about local peasant struggles against foreign-owned plantations and environment issues.

A pass-in-review by an NPA company -– three platoons of 25 fighters each — at the beginning of the program marking the 42nd anniversary of the Communist Party of the Philippines. (Photo by Raymund B. Villanueva / Kodao Productions / bulatlat.com / bulatlat.com)

He also drew enthusiastic applause when he said that the NPA was the first to recognize gay rights as human rights, in response to a question posed by a group of gays in the audience.

In the succeeding press conference, he refused to be baited into badmouthing President Aquino, saying “it is bad form to do so when we are about to talk to his government across the negotiating table.”

Ka Oris instead praised the appointment of lawyers Alex Padilla and Pablo Sanidad to the negotiating panel of the GRP in its talks with the NDFP.

The rebel leader also tried to be diplomatic against the Philippine Army’s 401st Infantry Brigade, describing its harassments on civilian participants and the media as “unfriendly,” even as journalists were incensed at being interrogated at checkpoints and military camps causing some of them to miss the start of the celebrations.

“We thank the media on its steadfast defense of the people’s right to be informed to important political events such as these unprecedented celebrations of the CPP’s anniversary in terms of attendance,” he said.

He denied that they invited the media to act as human shield against possible attacks by government troops to disrupt the celebrations.

“Apart from the harassments, we think that it would be bad for the reactionary army to attack this large mass gathering. But should they indeed attack the NPA in this area has decided earlier to just withdraw rather than engage the enemy. This is to spare the civilians from possible harm,” he explained.

“In all my 30 years as a revolutionary guerilla I have never seen an (CPP) anniversary celebration as huge as this. It is 3:30 in the afternoon and, as you can see, the people are still here having a good time,” Ka Oris said.

He said the CPP invites civilians and supporters to guerilla zones during anniversary celebrations not for its sole benefit. “We are doing this because the masses want to celebrate the anniversary of the party and its army that genuinely serve them. They want these celebrations as much as we do, as you can see for yourselves,” he told the members of the media.

After most of the local and national media as well as church and local government representatives have left delegations from five neighboring provinces in Eastern Mindanao tried to outdo each other with their own “cultural performances.” Revolutionary songs performed by children drew the loudest roars of approval from the crowd and the rebels. The humid air was constantly punctured with shouts of “Long live the Communist Party!” during and after each performance.

The celebration was reluctantly ended at about four in the afternoon, after the emcees explained that the 50-square meter stage had to be dismantled and the venue cleaned by the rebels before it got dark.

As a steady stream of trucks, buses and jeepneys turned from the village road to the provincial highway Philippine Army and Philippine National Police personnel tried to take videos of plate numbers and people’s faces. More checkpoints and road blocks were set up on roads leading from one of the biggest gatherings inside a guerilla zone in history. (http://bulatlat.com)

Photos from the Facebook account of Marco Valbuena
     
     
     
     
           

 

Thousands join celebrations for CPP 42nd founding anniversary

Monday, 27 December 2010

Ka Oris reports on the victories achieved by the revolutionary movement during the past year.By CPP Information Bureau

Several thousand people joined celebrations yesterday of the 42nd founding anniversary of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) in a what was described as "one of the biggest celebrations of the revolutionary victories of the Filipino people exhibiting the continuing growth of the revolutionary movement led by the CPP."

At the same time, the CPP denounced the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and Philippine National Police (PNP) "for setting-up checkpoints along the route to the site of the assembly to harass participants and dissuade them from proceeding to the site of the celebrations in violation of the spirit and intent of the 19-day ceasefire."

The whole day celebration was hosted by the National Democratic Front-Mindanao.

According to NDF-Mindanao spokesperson Jorge "Ka Oris" Madlos, a few more thousand people failed to join the celebrations because of the checkpoints setup by the military and police. "Checkpoints were setup by the 4th Infantry Division all over the Caraga region in a desperate attempt by the AFP to prevent the people from joining the celebrations of the CPP anniversary."

At around eight in the morning, traffic built up to around two kilometers along the main highway leading to San Agustin town, Surigao del Sur, as military and police operatives blocked scores of vehicles carrying participants. According to Ka Oris: "The military and police unreasonably blocked the people's free movement insisting on listing all the license numbers of vehicles, asking for registration papers and checking the license of drivers."

The military and police checkpoints only relented when reporters and cameramen from local and international media outfits arrived and witnessed the harassments.

"The attempts to stop people from joining the celebrations of the CPP violated the spirit and intent of the simultaneous ceasefire which, among others, aim at allowing personnel of both sides to be with their families and friends to hold celebrations during the holidays," added Ka Oris.

"Despite the harassments, the celebrations pushed through and was carried out successfully," added Ka Oris. Thousands of peasants and lumad people, fisherfolk, as well as workers and students from town centers joined a company of New People's Army (NPA) Red fighters in a field surrounded by coconut trees and rice paddies. "This shows the deep and widespread support of the people for the Communist Party and the revolutionary movement."

The occasion also served as an opportunity for Red fighters to be joined by their families.

According to the CPP, scores of other smaller assemblies were carried out in guerrilla fronts all over the country, as well as in factories, schools, offices, private homes and communities in cities and town centers.

Reference:
Marco Valbuena
Media Officer
Cellphone Numbers: 09156596802 :: 09282242061
E-mail: cppmedia@gmail.com

     
           

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HOW TO ORGANIZE THE REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT IN THE PHILIPINES

Guest Lecture to Students on Political Mobilization at the Center for Conflict Studies, University of Utrecht

By Prof. Jose Maria Sison
Founding Chairman, Communist Party of the Philipines
6 December 2010

I have been requested by Prof. Mario A. Fumerton to explain to you how my comrades and I organized the revolutionary movement in the Philippines. How did we recruit the first cadres for the Communist Party of the Philippines and New People’s Army? How did we go about raising the consciousness of the workers, peasants, youth and other women in order to recruit and organize them for the revolutionary movement?

What were the challenges that we faced like government repression, lack of resources, lack or low level of political commitment and will from some of the early recruits? And how did the movement overcome these challenges and difficulties, strategically, politically, and socially? How did we and the movement forge the strong relationships and commitments necessary not only for starting a revolutionary movement, but also for sustaining it for as long as the CPP and NPA have now existed?

Common Understanding and Commitment to Serve the People

At the very outset, let me answer the question on why my closest comrades and I who started the revolutionary movement in the Philippines were so determined to wage the revolution. We had a common understanding and commitment to serve the people. We considered the revolutionary cause as just. We assumed as a moral duty for us to continue the revolutionary struggle of previous generations.

We had a strong sense of history about the Filipino people. They won the revolution against Spanish colonialism. But US imperialism intervened and brutally suppressed the revolution. In order to prevail, the US military forces massacred 1.4 million Filipinos. Certainly, it is necessary for the people to continue the revolutionary struggle for national liberation and democracy.

We saw Philippine society as semi-colonial and semi-feudal in character. There is no longer a US colonial administration. But the US continues to rule the Philippines indirectly through puppet politicians and to dominate the economy, politics, culture and the military. The anti-democratic ruling classes of big compradors and landlords are servile to the US and they exploit and oppress the working class and peasantry. Even the urban petty bourgeoisie and middle bourgeoisie suffer a certain measure of exploitation and oppression.

My earliest comrades and I started to do revolutionary work where we could, at the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1959. We formed the Student Cultural Association of the University of the Philippines (SCAUP) as a patriotic and progressive organization in opposition to the UP Student Catholic Action (UPSCA) which was a religio-sectarian and anti-communist organization of the dominant church in the Philippines.

Since the beginning, we in the SCAUP wanted to raise the level of debate in the university from one between the bourgeois liberals and the religio-sectarians on the issue of academic freedom to one between the Left and the Right on social issues concerning the national and social liberation of the Filipino people. We allied ourselves with the bourgeois liberals in upholding academic freedom and the secular character of the university. But we also formed open study circles to advocate national independence and democracy against US domination and the local exploiting classes.

Furthermore, we formed secret study circles on Marxism. These were clandestine because there was the Anti-Subversion Law of 1957 which penalized officers of any communist organization with death. The Congressional Committee on Anti-Filipino Activities (CAFA) used this law in 1961 to witchhunt faculty members and students for publications deemed as Marxist and communist. The SCAUP had done so much political work among the students that it could mobilize 5000 of them to scuttle the congressional CAFA hearings in 1961.

The mass action was a signal event after a decade of anti-communist repression, following the defeat of the communist-led armed movement in the early 1950s. For the first time, university publications which had an anti-imperialist and anti-feudal character were defended by a large protest action. After its success with the anti-CAFA mass protest, the SCAUP decided to encourage students of other universities to organize progressive associations.

My closest comrades and I, who gave up climbing the academic and social ladder of the ruling system, further decided to do volunteer work in the education and research departments of the Workers’ Party in 1962 and a peasant association in 1963. We also decided to join the old merger party of the Communist and Socialist parties which was outlawed and in the underground.

My comrades and I from the student movement developed as cadres by participating in the work of arousing, organizing and mobilizing the workers and peasants. It was also in this way that we could form Kabataang Makabayan (KM, Patriotic Youth) in 1964 by combining the young workers and young peasants with the students and young professionals.

KM described itself as the assistant of the working class in carrying forward the national democratic movement. It gained members rapidly and established chapters on a nationwide scale. It was outstanding in protest actions against the oppressive and exploitative policies of the reactionary government as well as against US impositions on the Philippines and against the US war of aggression in Vietnam and the whole of Indochina.

In 1966 a debate within the old merger party of the Communist and Socialist parties arose on a number of issues: whether or not to follow the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, whether or not previous leaders of the party were to be held accountable for grave errors that caused defeat in the past, and whether or not the chronic crisis of the ruling system was a ground for starting a protracted war for national liberation and democracy.

My comrades and I who were the majority of cadres in the organizations of workers, peasants, youth, cultural workers and professionals, called ourselves the Marxist-Leninist or proletarian revolutionaries and broke away from those we called Lavaite revisionist renegades who followed the Soviet party. The Lava revisionists tried with might and main to cover up the grave errors that caused the defeat of the revolutionary in the past and at he same time wanted to avoid revolutionary armed struggle indefinitely.

We published the rectification documents, Rectify Errors and Rebuild the Party and subsequently the drafts of the Constitution and Program for People’s Democratic Revolution for the purpose of reestablishing the Communist Party of the Philippines under the theoretical guidance of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought on December 26, 1968.

Requirements for the New Democratic Revolution

We accepted the requirements of the new democratic revolution of the Filipino people under the leadership of the working class. We agreed to build the CPP as the advanced detachment of the working class in terms of ideology, politics and organization. We agreed that the Party must wield the revolutionary armed struggle and the united front as weapons to destroy the counterrevolutionary state and install the people’s democratic state.

In building the Party ideologically, we adopted the theory of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought or Maoism. This covers the philosophy of dialectical materialism, political economy ranging from the critique of capitalism to socialist construction, the social science of class struggle and the class dictatorship of the proletariat, Party building and rectification movement, people’s war and the theory of continuing the revolution under proletarian dictatorship through cultural revolution.

We read and studied the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao. We recognized that raising the level of our theoretical knowledge would give us the necessary hindsight, acuity on the current situation and foresight. Our revolutionary commitment was strengthened and enriched for long-term struggle by the comprehensiveness and profundity of the theory. We did our best to grasp materialist dialectics and accordingly to develop our scientific and pro-worker stand, viewpoint and methodology.

We considered theory as the guide to action and as the antidote to subjectivism. Without theory, we would act blindly and fall into the pit of empiricism. But without social practice, the theory would lead us to dogmatism. We followed the teaching of Mao that correct ideas do not fall from the sky but come from social practice consisting of production, class struggle and scientific experiment. Social progress involves the wave-like alternation of rising level of knowledge from social practice and rising level of social practice guided by the rising level of knowledge.

We integrated the theory of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought or Maoism with the history and concrete conditions of the Philippines and with the concrete practice of the Philippine revolution. In this regard, we produced such seminal writings as the rectification document, the founding documents of the Party, Philippine Society and Revolution, Our Urgent Tasks and Specific Characteristics of People’s War in thre Philippines.

We undertook the rectification movement from 1966 onwards against the grave errors of the Lavaite revisionist leadership since 1942. But we recognized the fact that we, the cadres and members of the reestablished party, would also be liable to commit errors and shortcomings. We also recognized the fact that these could be rectified in a periodic or timely manner through criticism and self-criticism and if accumulated or large enough could be rectified through a fullscale rectification campaign within the entire Party.

The last great rectification movement in the Party was done from 1992 to 1998 in order to correct the errors of “Left” and Right opportunism resulting from the subjectivist notion that the Phillippines had ceased to be semifeudal due to the pseudo-development policies of the US-Marcos regime.

As the Party leading the Philippine revolution, we put forward the general political line of carrying out the new democratic revolution through protracted people’s war, corresponding to the rotten semicolonial and semifeudal character of the Philippine society in chronic crisis due to the afflictions of foreign monopoly capitalism, domestic feudalism and bureaucrat capitalism.

In terms of class analysis, we asked ourselves who were our friends and who were our enemies in the new democratic revolution. We identified the big compradors and landlords as our enemies and the working class, peasantry, urban petty bourgeois and middle bourgeois as our friends in the revolution.

The working class is the leading class in the revolution because it is the most progressive productive and political force among the exploited classes waging revolution. It is capable of leadership not only in the stage of the new democratic revolution but also in the stage of socialism. The most numerous exploited class is the peasantry. It is the main force of the revolution and its struggle for land is the main content of the democratic revolution.

The urban petty bourgeoisie is still a basic revolutionary force but is no longer the leading force as it was in the old democratic revolution. It has a great influence in society farbeyond its proportion in the population and can help swing the people to the side of the revolution. The middle bourgeoisie is interested in national independence, national industrialization and land reform and can be won over to the national democratic movement.

We had to adopt the mass line. The general line of new democratic revolution responds to the basic demands of the people. But we continued to learn from the masses their conditions, needs and demands through social investigation and return to them what we learn from them when we aroused, organized and mobilized them.

We trusted and relied on the masses. Thus, we could wage revolution self-reliantly, without dependence on any foreign entity. Upon the success of the trade union movement and land reform, the workers and peasants could give bigger voluntary contributions to armed revolutionary movement in terms of cadres, Red fighters and material resources. Upon the growth of the people’s army, the people’s democratic government could enforce its policy, laws and regulations. It could collect taxes on private business enterprises for the purpose of raising adequate resources for our educational, health, cultural and other programs.

We aroused the masses on the general political line and in accordance with their sectoral needs. We organized them into mass formations according to classes, sectors and issues. We mobilized them in campaigns to protest the violation of their rights and to improve their social conditions. We had developed the legal democratic mass movement for nearly a decade from 1959 to 1968 before we launched the revolutionary armed struggle.

We considered the revolutionary armed struggle as the highest form of struggle because it answers the central question of political power. Social revolution can be effected by the toiling masses of workers and peasants and middle social strata only if they have the political power to do so. In this regard, we adopted the strategic line of protracted people’s power, encircling the cities from the countryside and accumulating strength until we have enough strength to seize power in the cities nationwide.

We formed the New People’s Army on March 29, 1969, a few months after the founding of the Party. We linked up with the benign parts of the remnants of the old people’s army and benefited from their modest strength and rich experience in armed struggle. We built the NPA as a combination of proletarian revolutionaries and battle-tested fighters mainly from the peasantry.

We envisioned a probability course of development of the people’s war in three stages: strategic defensive, strategic stalemate and strategic offensive. We looked forward to changing the balance of forces at every stage by launching tactical offensives and gaining armed and political strength in the process.

We as the leading party required the NPA to integrate the revolutionary armed struggle, agrarian revolution and the building of the mass base through the building of mass organizations and the local organs of political power. While we took the strategic position of being on the defensive against the superior military force of the enemy, we carried out guerrilla warfare and launched the tactical offensives we could win on the basis of the ever expanding and ever deepening mass base.

The NPA has been able to preserve itself and grow in strength against the 14-year fascist dictatorship of Marcos and the vicious US-directed campaigns of suppression for more than four decades because the revolutionary cause of the NPA is just and enjoys inexhaustible support from the masses, because it uses flexibility in strategy and in tactics of concentration, shifting and dispersal to attain definite objectives, because it relies mainly on the peasant masses and helps them to carry out land reform and because it builds the mass organizations and local organs of political power as the foundation of the people’s democratic government.

Aside from wielding the people’s army, the Party also wields the united front as weapon of the revolution. The united front encompasses several forms of alliances. First of all is the basic alliance of the working class and peasantry as the foundation of the revolution. Second is the alliance of basic revolutionary forces, including the urban petty bourgeoisie. Third is the alliance of patriotic or positive forces, including the middle bourgeoisie. Fourth is the broadest of alliances which includes reactionaries as temporary and unstable allies for the purpose of isolating and destroying the political power of the enemy, which is the force most reactionary and most servile to the imperialists.

The Party’s policy and tactics of the united front have helped to increase the strength and spread the influence of the Party and the revolutionary mass movement. The alliances have helped to link up the masses led directly by the Party to the masses under the influence of other political forces. In engaging in alliances with reactionary forces against the worst reactionary force at a given time, the Party has to be sharply aware of the need for independence and initiative in order to protect itself from betrayal by reactionary allies.

The basic organizational principle of the Party is democratic centralism. Centralism is based on democracy and democracy is guided by centralism. A higher organ deliberates and makes decisions on the basis of reports and recommendations from lower organs and lower organizations of the Party. There is freedom of debate in the process of deliberations. But after a decision is carried by a majority or unanimous vote, the Party organ and organization concerned must unite behind the decision. There is a balance of responsibility between freedom and the necessity of discipline, especially in revolutionary struggle.

If a decision proves to be wrong, the leading organ concerned is accountable. It engages in criticism and self-criticism. But there can be a timely correction or adjustment of policies and decision if new facts or arguments are presented to debunk the previous assumptions. Party cadres and members are ever willing to correct their organizational errors and shortcomings. They eschew authoritarianism, bureaucratism and sectarianism as well as ultra-democracy and anarchism.

We the Party cadres and members from Kabataang Makabayan take pride in having provided a great help to the Party in making it nationwide in scale during the first ten years of the armed revolution. The KM had the most widespread nationwide organization, surpassing the trade unions and the peasants associations. But of course, the trade unions, the peasant associations and the people’s army have made the Party deeply rooted among the toiling masses.

The Party has drawn its membership from the most advanced activists in the mass organizations and from the rank and file of the New People’s Army. The growth and advance of the revolutionary mass movement and the people’s war have resulted in the growth and advance of the Party.

The waves of fresh recruits to the Party and people’s army from the mass movement surpass by far the number of those who are martyred, those  who opt for legal struggle because of health or family reasons and those few who drop out because of erroneous thinking, wrongdoing, retrogression or treason There is always an accumulation of revolutionaries who have a high level of revolutionary consciousness and are tempered by the revolutionary struggle.

The Party is in the leadership and core of the mass organizations and the people’s army. There is a Party group in every mass organization and every squad of the people’s army. There are Party branches in NPA companies and in the localities and Party committees at every territorial level.

The Party has always been happy to receive teams of cadres from the working class and the educated youth who are willing to learn from the peasant masses and the people’s army, to work in the countryside among the peasant masses or to join the people’s army. The people’s army and the peasant masses always need the range of experience, knowledge and skills that the workers and the educated youth can bring. ###.

 

     
     
 
     
 

 

Photo story & audio interview featuring the 42nd anniversary of the CPP

 

Raymund Villanueva's photo & audio story featuring the 42nd anniversary of the CPP. The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) held what it called its grandest anniversary celebration ever somewhere in the Caraga region on Dec. 26, marking its 42 years of existence.

Jorge Madlos, also known as Ka Oris, spokesman of the CPP-led National Democratic Front of the Philippines in Mindanao, said that at least 8,000 individuals from four regions in Mindanao attended the event. About 30 large vehicles brought peasants, workers, students, religious, lawyers and the media to the event that threaded through several military and police checkpoints to reach the venue — a mere kilometer away from the provincial highway.

 

     
 
     
Stills from the video by Raymund Villanueva/KODAO Productions
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
           
     
     
     

 

Letter to the Editor(PDI)

Jorge "Ka Oris" Madlos
Spokesperson
National Democratic Front of the Philippines-Mindanao
January 11, 2011

The Editor
The Philippine Daily Inquirer

After reading the Editorial of your Philippine Daily Inquirer issue dated Jan. 9, 2011, I took pain in writing to answer the points raised in your Editorial.

Your editorial accused the NPA of running "around agreements that call for peace" and "treachery" for staging an ambush against an army unit that was conducting offensive military operation against the NPA in Samar two days before our self-declared ceasefire took effect. The NPA in Mindanao was also put in bad light for its ambush against a team of the 3rd Special Forces that conducts military operations in the guise of community organizing for peace and development on 6 Jan. 2011, two days after the expiration of our self-declared ceasefire.

In letter and in spirit, we have not violated our self-declared ceasefire -- there never was treachery on the part of the NPA. First, the two incidents took place well beyond the ceasefire period. Secondly, both the AFP-PNP-CAFGU and the NPA understood the possibility of military incidents between the two warring armed forces after the ceasefire period. In fact, the government forces were still on aggressive offensive operations on the eve of their ceasefire declaration as well as right after their ceasefire expired. All units of the NPA were also advised to stay on alert and defensive mode right before their declared ceasefire commenced as well as after the ceasefire deadline.

To prove their serious interest in the peace process, the NPA strictly adhered to our suspension of offensive military operation for the whole duration of our ceasefire declaration. We have also conducted Peace Forums to explain to different sectors our serious intention to discuss peace with the GRP negotiators. Putting in bad light the legitimate military actions of the NPA is in effect ganging up on the NPA, preventing them to fight as a true People's Army should, even as the AFP-PNP-CAFGU continue to attack the revolutionary forces before, during, and immediately after the ceasefire.

Proof of this is very clear in Mindanao: two prominent leaders of the revolutionary movement were arrested by the military and police operatives during the ceasefire period, one in North Central Mindanao and the other in Davao City. The GRP's alibi was simple: both have pending criminal cases. Isn't it a fact that all revolutionary leaders have pending criminal cases in GRP courts because it is a common dirty tactic of the AFP to treat rebellion cases as common crimes? It is good that we have warned NPA Red fighters and officers not to go down to avoid being arrested and charged as common criminals. But the two arrested leaders were having their medical check-up and other legitimate matters to attend to in the urban centers.

Another glaring proof is the deployment of AFP troops in the NPA areas in the hinterlands during the ceasefire period in the guise of securing the safety of multi-national corporations in Mindanao like the mining companies, large-scale plantations and giant logging companies. We have strict orders to all NPA units never to launch during the same period punitive military actions against these companies that violate the rights of the Lumad, peasants, workers, including the massive destruction of Mindanao's environment.

Another, this paper and all major media network carried the news that the military attempted to block the media and the ten thousand people who wished to attend the 42nd anniversary celebrations of the CPP in Mindanao and the peace forum organized by the NDFP.

There was no report of NPA casualty in these last few days after the ceasefire deadline even if the AFP was actively conducting offensive military operations because the NPA forces are more careful of their security and enjoy mass support. The AFP in Mindanao succeeded in the arrest of prominent revolutionary leaders only during ceasefire what it failed to do so before and after the ceasefire period.

Before the AFP ceasefire began, all the AFP units in Mindanao were ordered to launch Civil Military Operations during the period of ceasefire in traditionally NPA-influenced barrios under the guise of Community Organizing for Peace and Development (or COPD). These operations involved the "invitation" of suspected mass leaders for questioning, some were tortured. This is in clear violation not only of the ceasefire but of the basic human rights of the peasant and Lumad masses in the countryside.

On the arrest of Ka Bart, we were accused of "using as a convenient excuse" the Joint Agreement for Security and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG), arguing that we arbitrarily declare who should be protected once such personalities got arrested. As a legitimate party to the peace talks, the NDFP has the right and prerogative to choose its consultants, in the same manner that we respect this same right and prerogative on part of the GRP negotiating panel.

We believe that peace must be based on social justice, in concrete there should be genuine land reform, national industrialization, national sovereignty and genuine democracy. Peace negotiation as an arena for realizing social justice is just one among the different forms of struggle, and should not prevent the people from wielding and strengthening their own army -- the New People's Army. Therefore, NPA launching tactical offensives should not be misconstrued to be a sign of insincerity towards the pursuit for peace, more so that it does not violate our declared ceasefire. No less than the spokesperson of the 4th ID PA announced that the NPA in Mindanao have no violation during the ceasefire period.

After explaining our side, is it just as fair if we request the PDI editorial board to also give some prominent space in your respectable newspaper this explanation? We thank you and more power to the PDI.

For reference, I am enclosing herewith list of AFP ceasefire violations in Mindanao.

(Sgd.) Jorge "Ka Oris" Madlos
Spokesperson
NDFP-Mindanao

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For reference to the Media and the whole public, we are issuing this partial list of AFP ceasefire violations in Mindanao for the period covering Dec. 16 2010 to Jan. 3, 2011:

In Northeastern Mindanao Region

1. December 16, 2010, on ceasefire period up to this writing, AFP troops conducted Community Organizing for Peace and Development (COPD or CMO) in Surigao del Norte.

a. Barrios of Malimono: Brgys Tinago, Bunyasan, Hanagdong, Cansayon, Masgad, and Cantapoy

b. Barrios of Surigao City: Brgys Silop, Mapawa, Trinidad, Mabwa, Mat-I and Anomar

c. Brgy. Ema of Sison

2. November 18 - December 27, 2010, prolonged military operation until the Ceasefire Period in Bislig City, Surigao del Sur. Barrios covered: San Agustin and Sitio Mabog, San Agustin, Sitio Km41 in San Roque.

3. December 23-25, 2010. Random Checkpoints in the municipalities of Lianga, San Agustin and Marihatag in Surigao del Sur. This military checkpoint is aimed to perceive the supposed venue of the 42nd Anniversary celebration of the CPP in Mindanao.

4. December 26, 2010. Checkpoints at the entrances of the venue of the CPP 42nd Anniversary celebration; aiming to stop the people from attending the celebration.

In North Central Mindanao Region

5. December 17, police operatives arrested NDF-North Central Mindanao officer Pedro Codaste and his companions at a checkpoint in Bayugan, Agusan del Sur.

6. December 17 , one platoon of the 58th IB conducted combat patrol at hinterland brgys. of Sangay and Ginabsan all of Buenavista, Agusan del Norte.

7. December 17 -26, one squad from 8 IB, conducted COPD in hinterland Brgy. Sayawan, Municipality of Impasugong, Bukidnon.

8. December 17 - 27, 23rd IB - CAA detachment conducted checkpoint and search all passersby at a hinterland brgy of Gilang-gilang Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon.

9. December 17-31, four platoons of the 8IB conducted combat patrol at hinterland brgy. of Matupi, San Fernando, Bukidnon.

In Southern Mindanao Region

10. January 2, 2011, Edwin Brigano, 53, was arrested around 3 a.m. of Saturday. Brigano was undergoing medical treatment for a serious respiratory illness and hepatitis.

In Far Southern Mindanao Region

11. December 18, 2010, a squad of 73rd IB troopers conducted a military operation in hinterland Brgy. Upper Suyan, Malapatan, Sarangani Province. They entered sitio Dungan Bahay, Brgy. Upper Suyan and ransacked the house of a lumad named Sumil. The soldiers interrogated Sumil and at gunpoint forced him to pinpoint where "Kumander Boyax" was, to which Sumil denied having any knowledge of his whereabouts. The military then confiscated his bolo and threatened to hack him.

12. December 18, 2010, the Alpha Company of the 27th IB and Cafgu elements conducted a military patrol in several barrios of Columbio, Sultan Kudarat specifically in Sitio Dam, Brgy. Maligaya. On December 23 they entered Brgy. Sinapulan and reportedly harassed the residents, many of whom are oppositionists to the mining operations of Xstrata-SMI.

13. December 23-27, 2010, the Bravo Company of the 68th IB under 1Lt. Cebreon including some Cafgu elements conducted a foot patrol in Barangays Batang, Baynosa and in Lanao, Sitio Lambusong, Brgy. Bacong all of Tulunan town, North Cotabato. They also entered Barangays Bella Flores, Malabuan and Guangan, all in Makilala town, North Cotabato. On the evening of December 23 they were seen by several residents on ambush position in Brgy. Baynosa, near the Stanfilco-Dole banana plantation. Later they moved to the hinterland sitios of Brgy. Bacong, Tulunan, North Cotabato.

14. December 30, 2010, about 3 pm until the early morning of December 31, a platoon of 39th IB contingents and Cafgus in full battle gear positioned themselves in Brgy. Macol and Brgy. Sanghay, Malita, Davao del Sur. Their presence was noted by a number of residents who were afraid of what they called "a possible military operation" that could disrupt their New Year's celebration.

Western Mindanao Region -- still no reports
Released by the office of the Spokesperson of the NDFP-Mindanao

 

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POVERTY BREEDS NEW GENERATION OF NPA
GMANews.TV
By Jim Gomez
Associated Press
GMA News
27 December 2010

MOUNT DIWATA, Philippines — Too poor to afford school beyond fourth grade in the southern Philippines, 19-year-old Johnny Buyo walked away from home six months ago to join the communist rebellion — one of Asia’s longest-running. He was handed a rusty M16 rifle, which he vowed to keep for life.

The teenager recently gathered with an older generation of battle-hardened veterans in their 60s for a celebration marking the 42nd anniversary of the Communist Party of the Philippines, whose insurgency withstood decades of crackdown by five Philippine presidents.

“It’s scary at first but later, you gain confidence when you think that you’re fighting for the people,” said Buyo, the rifle slung on his tiny frame.

Amid a Christmas cease-fire and looming peace talks with President Benigno Aquino III’s new government, about 80 Maoist guerrillas armed with rifles and grenade launchers marched in a remote rice-farming village in the foothills of Mount Diwata in southern Surigao del Sur province as more than 2,000 villagers, relatives and sympathizers cheered.

Persistent poverty in the Philippines’ southern region fuels popular support for the movement, inspiring new generations to join even as Cold War communist insurgencies fade into memory across much of the rest of the world.

It has been 38 years since Jorge Madlos, then a student activist, quit university and went underground after then-Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law in 1972. Now 62, the prominent rebel spokesman — distinguished by his trademark Mao-style cap and goatee — says only one thing can make him leave his comrades.

“Our retirement comes in death,” Madlos said.

At Sunday’s ceremony, smiling guerrillas handed out 2011 calendars, red pins and packs of roasted pork and rice. They belted out nationalist songs on a stage in a rice field festooned with the hammer and sickle communist symbol. Relatives and friends used the occasion for reunions with rebels, including a mother who said she has not seen her son since he joined the guerrillas 10 years ago.

The chaotic scene under a broiling noontime sun both depicted the rebels’ resiliency and constraints.

 

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

 

Ang Bayan of January 7, 2011 featuring the 42nd anniversary celebration

 

     
           
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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