HOUSE RESOLUTION No. 1297
(filed on 23 May 2011)
Introduced by Reps. TEDDY A. CASIÑO, NERI JAVIER COLMENARES, LUZVIMINDA C.
ILAGAN, RAFAEL V. MARIANO, ANTONIO L. TINIO, EMMI A. DE JESUS and RAYMOND
OPPOSING RENEWED PROPOSALS TO BURY FORMER PRESIDENT FERDINAND MARCOS AT
THE LIBINGAN NG MGA BAYANI FOR BEING A GRAVE TRAVESTY OF JUSTICE AND
MONUMENTAL HISTORICAL DISTORTION TANTAMOUNT TO DECLARING AS A HERO A
DICTATOR THAT COMMITTED GROSS CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, PLUNGED THE NATION
DEEPER INTO DEBT AND FOREIGN CONTROL AND PLUNDERED THE NATION’S RESOURCES,
AND FOR BEING A RENUNCIATION OF THE HISTORIC 1986 PEOPLE POWER UPRISING
WHICH TOPPLED THE MARCOS DICTATORSHIP
WHEREAS, twenty-five (25)
years have passed since the fall of the Marcos dictatorship and yet the
atrocities and crimes sanctioned and committed by then President Ferdinand
Marcos and backed by the United States remain a dark chapter in the
country's history. The Marcos dictatorship violently suppressed political
dissent, committed crimes against humanity, plundered the country’s
resources, and perpetuated US imperialism’s stranglehold on the nation;
under the authoritarian rule of Marcos, human rights violations formed the
apex of a pyramid of terror – 3,257 killed, 35,000 tortured, 70,000
incarcerated, 737 Filipinos "disappeared" from 1976 to 1983. Nearly four
times those killed, tortured -- 2,250 – or 77 percent of all victims
were summarily executed or salvaged. Many were tortured, mutilated and
dumped on roadsides for public display to create widespread fear. Marcos
and his family have never acknowledged these grave violations and have
never apologized to the Filipino people up to the present;
Samahan ng Ex-detainees Laban sa Detensyon at Aresto (SELDA), a group of
former martial law political detainees, said that a heroes’ burial for
Marcos is a “travesty of history” and that it is “a mockery of the horrors
that the Filipino people endured during the Martial Law era;”
the international community has long recognized the countless grave human
rights violations and the crimes against humanity of the Marcos regime,
especially after the initial victory bestowed upon almost 10,000 of the
Martial Law victims through the compensation ruling of the United States
District Court of Hawaii. Meanwhile, the Bantayog ng mga Bayani has a Wall
of Remembrance for martial law martyrs and heroes; its museum houses
proofs of the abductions, arrests, killings and enforced disappearances of
those who fought the Marcos dictatorship;
Marcos’ 20-year rule from 1966 to 1986 plunged the economy into a
spiraling crisis weighed down by heavy foreign borrowings and profligate
spending for the benefit of the Marcos family and their cronies through
what became notoriously known as “crony capitalism”. When Marcos assumed
the presidency in 1966, the country’s foreign debt stood below $1 billion.
By 1976 the Philippines was among the top 100 recipients of loans from the
World Bank, with an external debt that rose from US$2.3 billion in 1970 to
more than US$17.2 billion in 1980. By the time Marcos was ousted from
power and fled the country during the first People Power uprising in 1986,
the economy had a standing foreign debt of US $28 billion, trapping the
country into a cycle of ever-growing debts. According to research think
tank IBON Foundation, the foreign debts under Marcos alone will be
shouldered by Filipino taxpayers until 2025;
it was Marcos who issued Presidential Decree 1177 or the Budget Reform
Decree of 1977, which provides for automatic appropriations for debt
payments, no matter how illegitimate and onerously acquired, and at the
expense of providing little for basic social services;
in exchange for these loans from the World Bank, International Monetary
Fund, Paris Club and other creditors, Marcos pursued an export-oriented,
import-dependent, foreign-investment led and debt-driven economy that led
to massive poverty, unemployment and near economic collapse;
foreign control on the country greatly deepened with the Marcos
government’s subservience to IMF-World Bank impositions, US geopolitical
policies, and presence of US military bases and facilities;
the Marcos regime was also known for its widespread and systemic
corruption and plunder of the national coffers. It is estimated that as
much as 33 percent of the country's total borrowings during his term were
pocketed by Marcos and his cronies. The Presidential Commission on Good
Government (PCGG) places Marcos’ ill-gotten wealth at between $5 billion
to $10 billion. Former Solicitor General Frank Chavez pegs at $13.4
billion the money deposited by Marcos and his family in various Swiss
banks. The Marcoses still face numerous cases in court in relation to this
Marcos’ war-hero claim has long been exposed as a sham. The Catholic
Educational Association of the Philippines, a group of Catholic educators,
asserts that the “elaborate tale” that Marcos led the “Maharlika guerilla
unit” during the Japanese occupation was exposed as a fictitious story by
American historian Alfred McCoy. An official United States military
investigation made right after the war already declared the tale a fraud.
“Was Marcos really a ‘well-decorated soldier’? He may have been a war
veteran just like many Filipinos of his generation. But a hero certainly
he was not. The terrible suffering and damage wrought by Marcos’ 14 years
of authoritarian rule is undeniable,” CEAP declares;
congressional resolution urging President Benigno Aquino to give Marcos a
hero’s burial would send the absurd message that the Filipino people
overthrew a “hero” during People Power I and that the international
community’s sympathy for that uprising is wrong. Additionally, Congress
would become a laughingstock since it is working for the passage of a
compensation bill for human rights violations victims under the presidency
of a “hero”;
Aquino cannot escape the issue by passing the task of decision-making to
Vice-President Jejomar Binay. Allowing Marcos a hero's burial would not
only undermine his father Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr.'s role in the anti-
Marcos dictatorship struggle and his mother former President Corazon
Aquino's ascent to the presidency but most importantly, it would be a
direct affront to the struggle of millions of Filipinos who fought and
suffered under the dictatorship;
his legacy of plunder, corruption, human rights violations, puppetry and
flawed economic policies, Marcos does not deserve a hero's burial. Thus,
government must put an end to the issue, oppose the proposal and validate
the injustices made to millions of Filipinos, in turn affirming that
crimes against the nation will not be tolerated and taken lightly.
Immediate measures include prosecuting the Marcoses to the fullest and
passing the compensation bill for martial law human rights violations
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED,
that the House of Representatives strongly oppose renewed proposals to
bury former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani as a
grave travesty of justice and monumental historical distortion tantamount
to declaring hero a dictator who committed crimes against humanity,
plunged the nation deeper into foreign debt and control and plundered the
nation’s resources, and renouncing the historic 1986 people power uprising
which toppled Marcos.
TEDDY A. CASIÑO NERI
Muna Party-list Bayan
C. ILAGAN RAFAEL
Women’s Party Anakpawis
L. TINIO EMMI
A. DE JESUS
Teachers Party-list Gabriela
RAYMOND V. PALATINO
xHR 1135 re Marcos Burial at Libingan ng mga
Republic of the Philippines
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
First Regular Session
HOUSE RESOLUTION NO. 1135
Introduced by REP.SALVADOR H. ESCUDERO III
A RESOLUTION URGING THE ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT BENIGNO C. AQUINO III
TO ALLOW THE BURIAL OF THE REMAINS OF FORMER PRESIDENT FERDINAND EDRALIN
MARCOS AT THE LIBINGAN NG MGA BAYANI
WHEREAS, the Libingan ng Mga Bayani was established in 1947 as a final
resting place for military personnel. Over the years, interred therein
have been many veterans of World War II, fallen soldiers, as well as
former presidents of the republic, statesmen and national artists,
WHEREAS, Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was a well-decorated soldier, a veteran
of World War II and a survivor of the Bataan Death March;
WHEREAS, Ferdinand Marcos was president of the Republic of the Philippines
for twenty years and as such was also Commander-in-Chief of the country’s
armed forces. He was likewise formerly a member of the Philippine Congress
and a Senator who became Senate President before he became president of
WHEREAS, as the longest-serving president of the republic, Ferdinand
Marcos built the modern foundations of the Philippines. He was responsible
for the construction of vast infrastructure, the utilization of our energy
sources, and the strengthening of local governments;
WHEREAS, at the height of the EDSA Revolution in 1986, former president
Ferdinand Marcos left the country and died in exile in Hawaii in 1989. In
1993, in an act of reconciliation, then-President Fidel V. Ramos allowed
the Marcos family to bring home President Marcos’s remains to Batac.
Ilocos Norte where it has since been interred in the family mausoleum;
WHEREAS, without denigrating the achievements of the leaders and officials
that emerged after EDSA, it can never be gainsaid that Ferdinand Marcos
gave invaluable service to his country as soldier, writer, statesman,
President and Commander-in-Chief;
WHEREAS, Ferdinand Edralin Marcos, who served his country in the best way
he knew how, remained a Filipino patriot to the end of his life and in
death deserves to be honored as such;
WHEREAS, the Libingan ng mga Bayani is the most fitting place of burial
for former soldier, statesman and former President and Commander-in-Chief
Ferdinand Edralin Marcos;
WHEREAS, it is a long-standing wish of former President Ferdinand Marcos’s
family and friends, as well as of a large portion of the Philippine
populace who acknowledge his contributions to the country’s development,
that he be buried alongside fellow soldiers, statesmen and presidents at
the Libingan ng mga Bayani;
WHEREAS, it has been a quarter of a century since the EDSA Revolution and
allowing the burial of Ferdinand Edralin Marcos at the Libingan ng mga
Bayani will not only be an acknowledgement of the way he led a life as a
Filipino patriot but will also be a magnanimous act of reconciliation
which will strengthen the bonds of solidarity among the Filipino people;
NOW, THEREFORE, RESOLVED as it is hereby resolved by the House of
Representatives, To urge the administration of President Benigno C. Aquino
III to allow the burial of the remains of former president Ferdinand
Edralin Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani;
—-end of transcript——-
Below is the list of representatives who are pushing for the burial of
Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. Is your representative one
of them? Check reactions of Tweeters below the list.
FULL TITLE : A RESOLUTION URGING THE ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT BENIGNO
C. AQUINO III TO ALLOW THE BURIAL OF THE REMAINS OF FORMER PRESIDENT
FERDINAND EDRALIN MARCOS AT THE LIBINGAN NG MGA BAYANI
BY CONGRESSMAN/WOMAN ESCUDERO, SALVADOR III HATOC
DATE FILED ON 2011-03-23
ORTEGA, VICTOR FRANCISCO CAMPOS
DATUMANONG, SIMEON AMPATUAN
GULLAS, EDUARDO RIVERA
FARIÑAS, RODOLFO CASTRO
FUENTEBELLA, ARNULFO PALMA
ALBANO, RODOLFO B.
JAAFAR, NUR GASPAR
JOSON, JOSEFINA MANUEL
LAZATIN, CARMELO FELICIANO
LOONG, TUPAY TUPAY
MADRONA, ELEANDRO JESUS FABIC
MAGSAYSAY, MARIA MILAGROS E. HABANA
MAGSAYSAY, EULOGIO “AMANG” R.
MALIKSI, ERINEO SAQUILAYAN
MANDANAS, HERMILANDO INGCO
MENDOZA, JOSELITO “JON-JON” R.
MERCADO, ROGER GAVIOLA
PADILLA, CARLOS MAPILI
PANCHO, PEDRO MATIAS
PONCE ENRILE, JUAN JR. CASTANER
RAMOS, DEOGRACIAS JR. B.
REMULLA, JESUS CRISPIN CATIBAYAN
ROMAN, HERMINIA BATISTA
ROMUALDEZ, FERDINAND MARTIN GOMEZ
ROMUALDO, PEDRO PALARCA
SACDALAN, JESUS NONATO
SAN LUIS, EDGAR SULIT
SINGSON, ERIC JR. GACULA
SOCRATES, VICTORINO DENNIS MACALINAO
TEVES, PRYDE HENRY ALIPIT
TING, RANDOLPH SERA
VILLAFUERTE, LUIS ROBREDO
APOSTOL, SERGIO A. FIGUEROA
DIAZ, ANTONIO MAGSAYSAY
YAP, SUSAN A.
MENDOZA, MARK LLANDRO LATORRE
NAVA, JOAQUIN CARLOS RAHMAN ARAÑO
PANOTES, ELMER ELLAGA
PLAZA, MARIA VALENTINA GALIDO
RODRIGUEZ, ISIDRO JR. SANTOS
RODRIGUEZ, RUFUS BAUTISTA
SALVACION, ANDRES D.
SARMIENTO, CESAR VERGARA
SARMIENTO, MEL SENEN SEVILLA
TUPAS, NIEL JR. CAUSING
VALENCIA, RODOLFO GARONG
VERGARA, BERNARDO MANGAOANG
BATOCABE, RODEL M.
CO, CHRISTOPHER S.
GARBIN, ALFREDO JR.
BONDOC, ANNA YORK PUYAT
BRAVO, NARCISO JR. RECIO
BULUT-BEGTANG, ELEANOR C.
CAGAS, MARC DOUGLAS IV CHAN
CAJAYON, MARY MITZI LIM
CALIMBAS-VILLAROSA, MA. AMELITA A.
CARI, JOSE CARLOS LORETO
CASTRO, JANE TAN
CATAMCO, NANCY ALAAN
CELESTE, JESUS “BOYING” F.
CERAFICA, ARNEL MENDIOLA
CERILLES, AURORA ENERIO
CHIPECO, JUSTIN MARC SAN BUENAVENTURA
COJUANGCO, ENRIQUE MURPHY
COJUANGCO, KIMI S.
COLLANTES, SONNY P.
COSALAN, RONALD MORALES
FABIAN, ERICO BASILIO APOLINARIO
FERNANDEZ, DANILO RAMON SUBIAGA
FERRER, ANTONIO ALANDY
FERRER, JEFFREY PADILLA
FLORES, FLORENCIO JR. TADIAR
FORTUNO, SALVIO BALERA
FUA, ORLANDO BONGCAWEL
GARAY, FLORENCIO CUATON
GARCIA, ALBERT RAYMOND SANDEJAS
GARIN, JANETTE LORETO
GO, ANA CRISTINA SIQUIAN
GO, ARNULFO FEGARIDO
GOLEZ, ANTHONY ROLANDO JR. TORRILLO
GOMEZ, LUCY TORRES
GONZALES, AURELIO ‘DONG’ JR. D.
GONZALEZ, FERNANDO VALLEJO
HARESCO, TEODORICO JR. T.
HERRERA-DY, BERNADETTE RAMIREZ
KHO, DAVID L.
LICO, ISIDRO Q.
LOPEZ, CAROL JANE. B.
MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, JUAN MIGUEL “MIKEY”
MARCOLETA, RODANTE D.
MONTEJO, NEIL BENEDICT A.
NOEL, FLORENCIO G.
OBILLO, REENA CONCEPCION G.
ORTEGA, FRANCIS EMMANUEL R.
PALMONES, ANGELO B.
PANGANDAMAN, SOLAIMAN C.
PAYUYO, PONCIANO D.
PIAMONTE, MARIANO JR. U.
RIVERA, MICHAEL ANGELO C.
RODRIGUEZ, MAXIMO JR. B.
CRISOLOGO, VINCENT PICHAY
CUA, DAKILA CARLO ENRIQUEZ
DALOG, MAXIMO BADECAO
DAYANGHIRANG, NELSON LECHONCITO
DE VENECIA, MA. GEORGINA PEREZ
DIMAPORO, FATIMA ALIAH Q.
DEL ROSARIO, ANTHONY G.
DUAVIT, JOEL ROY ROY
DY, NAPOLEON SANCHEZ
DURANO, RAMON VI HOTCHKISS
EJERCITO, JOSEPH VICTOR GOMEZ
EMANO, YEVGENY VINCENTE BEJA
ESPINA, ROGELIO J., M.D.
ERIGUEL, EUFRANIO “FRANNY” C. M.D.
EVARDONE, BEN PAGARAN
JALOSJOS, CESAR GARCIA
JALOSJOS, ROMEO JR. MASUPIL
JALOSJOS, SETH F. PAL
KHO, ANTONIO TERO
LACSON-NOEL, JOSEPHINE VERONIQUE RESURRECCION
LAGDAMEO, ANTONIO JR. FLOIRENDO
LANETE, SCOTT DAVIES S., M.D.
LAPUS, JECI AQUINO
LIMKAICHONG, JOCELYN SY
LOYOLA, ROY MAULANIN
MALAPITAN, OSCAR GONZALES
MARAÑON, ALFREDO III DALISAY
MARCOS, IMELDA ROMUALDEZ
MATUGAS, FRANCISCO “LALO” T.
MELLANA, EVELYN PLAZA
MIRAFLORES, FLORENCIO TUMBOCON
ARAGO, MARIA EVITA RODA
ARENAS, MA. RACHEL JIMENEZ
ARNAIZ, GEORGE PLANTO
ARROYO, DIOSDADO JM MACAPAGAL
ARROYO, IGNACIO JR. TUASON
ASILO, BENJAMIN DELA ROZA
AUMENTADO, ERICO BOYLES
BAGATSING, AMADO SEVILLA
BRAWNER BAGUILAT, TEODORO JR.
BALINDONG, PANGALIAN MACAORAO
BATAOIL, LEOPOLDO NALUPA
BAUTISTA, FRANKLIN PERALTA
BELMONTE, VICENTE JR. FLORENDO
BENITEZ, ALFREDO ‘ALBEE’ B.
BERNOS, MARIA JOCELYN VALERA
BICHARA, AL FRANCIS DEL CASTILLO
MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, GLORIA A. MACARAEG
ACHARON, PEDRO JR. BUSGANO
ACOP, ROMEO MACUSI
AGGABAO, GIORGIDI BUZA
AGYAO, MANUEL SWEGEN
ALMARIO, THELMA ZOSA
ALMONTE, JORGE TAGHAP
ALVAREZ, ANTONIO CHAVES
ALVAREZ, MERCEDES KHO
AMANTE-MATBA, MA. ANGELICA M.
AMATONG, ROMMEL CAÑOS
ANDAYA, ROLANDO JR. GUTERREZ
ANGPING, MARIA ZENAIDA BENEDICTO
ANTONINO, RODOLFO WELBORN
APACIBLE, TOMAS VILLADOLID
AQUINO, JOSE II SABIJON
ABAYON, DARYL GRACE J
AGLIPAY, EMMELINE Y.
ALCOVER, PASTOR JR. M.
ANTONIO, PATRICIO T.
ARQUIZA, GODOFREDO V.
BAGASINA, CATALINA C.
BRIONES, NICANOR M.
CABALUNA, SALVADOR III P.
CANONIGO, RANULFO P.
CORTUNA, JULIETA R.
GARIN, SHARON S.
GUANLAO, AGAPITO H.
NOGRALES, KARLO ALEXEI BENDIGO
OCAMPO, ROSENDA ANN
OLIVAREZ, EDWIN L.
ONG, EMIL LAO
PANGANDAMAN, MOHAMMED HUSSEIN P.
PARAS, JESUS EMMANUEL MAGBAG
PICHAY, PHILIP ARREZA
PRIMICIAS-AGABAS, MARLYN LEGASPI
PUNO, ROBERTO VILLANUEVA
QUIMBO, ROMERO FEDERICO ‘MIRO’ S.
QUISUMBING, GABRIEL L. ROMUALDEZ
ROBES, ARTURO BARDILLION
ROMARATE, GUILLERMO JR. ABITONA
SAHIDULLA, NUR-ANA INDANAN
SAKALURAN, RADEN C.
SALIMBANGON, BENHUR LAGO
SEMA, BAI SANDRA A.
SUAREZ, DANILO ETORMA
SY-ALVARADO, MA. VICTORIA R.
TAN, MILAGROSA ‘MILA’ T.
TEODORO, MARCELINO REYES
TIANGCO, TOBIAS “TOBY” M.
VIOLAGO, JOSEPH GILBERT FRANCISCO
UMALI, REYNALDO VILLAR
UNABIA, PETER ‘SR. PEDRO’ M.
UNGAB, ISIDRO TOM
VILLAR, MARK AGUILAR
YAP, ARTHUR CUA
YAMBAO, JONATHAN CABILAO
YU, VICTOR JO
ZAMORA-APSAY, MARIA CARMEN
MBC opposes Marcos
burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani
19 May 2011 – House Resolution No. 1135, which
urges the Aquino administration to let the Libingan ng mga Bayani be the
final resting place of the former President Ferdinand Marcos, exemplifies
historical revisionism at its deceitful worst in an attempt to recast the
image of a disgraced leader.
We especially take exception to HR 1135’s
statements that “as the longest-serving president of the republic,
Ferdinand Marcos built the modern foundations of the Philippines” and that
he “remained a Filipino patriot to the end of his life and in death
deserves to be honored as such.”
Mr. Marcos was the longest-serving president only
because he placed the country under martial law in 1972, less than a year
before he would have been mandated by the Constitution to give up his
seat. He did not call for a presidential election until 1981—a sham
political exercise meant to bolster his democratic pretensions. It was
only due to the intense political pressure that had built up after the
assassination of Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. in 1983 that he was
forced to call another presidential election in 1986. He tried to steal
that vote as well, but the true will of the people could no longer be
suppressed and he was driven out of power by a peaceful popular uprising.
The claim that he built “the modern foundations of
the Philippines” is a gross distortion of the late dictator’s true legacy
of autocracy, ruined democratic institutions, violent political
repression, unprecedented wholesale corruption, shameless nepotism, crony
capitalism, a crushing debt burden, and widespread social inequity and
marginalization. In the business sector, we particularly remember the near
bankruptcy of the government and the need for a moratorium on debt
payments because of the burden of unpaid crony loans and the gross
mismanagement of the economy in general. Our country struggled with the
payments for those onerous loans long after Mr. Marcos had been deposed.
In the end, titles and medals—especially those
of dubious provenance—do not a hero make. No hero would deliberately bring
suffering upon his people and ruin to his country. For these reasons, the
Makati Business Club believes that, by virtue of his profoundly tainted
record as the leader of our country, Mr. Marcos forfeited whatever rights
he had to being buried at the Libingan ng Mga Bayani. We join other
organizations in expressing our strong opposition to House Resolution No.
Do not distort history!
Marcos was a tyrant and
plunderer, never a hero!
Pagbabago! People’s Movement for Change, May 2011
We are outraged by the proposal at the House of Representatives to bury
the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. House
Resolution (HR) 1135 is a gross distortion of our history. If left
unopposed, it will flagrantly rewrite one of the darkest chapters of the
country’s history and will make a despised tyrant and plunderer, whom the
people ousted through People Power in 1986, a hero all of a sudden.
We strongly urge President Benigno S. Aquino III not to conspire with
those pushing for the burial of Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. He
will not only do injustice, ironically, to his own father, assassinated
Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., who was among the most prominent figures in
the fight against the Marcos dictatorship. But more importantly, he will
do injustice to the thousands of nameless and faceless Filipinos who
risked life and limb, who perished without trace, who suffered the most
excruciating torture in the struggle to end the dictatorial regime. He
will do injustice to current and future generations of Filipinos who shall
be forced to forget the atrocities and abuses blatantly committed by
Marcos, his family and cronies.
We could not allow this if we are to move on as a people and as a nation.
We could not simply forget the past in the name of so-called political
reconciliation which in reality is nothing but a compromise between
factions of the ruling elite for the sake of political expediency. Doing
so is a surefire formula for another tyrant and plunderer – more vicious
than ever – to again arise and terrorize the people. Leaders like Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo who did not officially put the country under Martial Law
but oppressed the people and plundered the country very much like Marcos
did, should serve as a pungent reminder of how a country must never forget
nor distort its past but instead learn from it.
Twenty-five years since the first People Power, Marcos and his relatives
and cronies have never been prosecuted for their many crimes against the
people. Meanwhile, Marcosian economic policies that further pushed the
country into a perpetual state of crisis, poverty, and backwardness such
as automatic debt servicing remain in place and continue to impoverish the
country and the people.
Burying Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani will practically absolve his
relatives and cronies from their accountability and will further
legitimize the anti-people policies and fascist decrees that his
dictatorship initiated and were continued by succeeding regimes. We
also oppose the recommendation to give Marcos full military honors.
Thus, we encourage everyone to sign this petition opposing all moves and
plans to distort the past and bury Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani or
give him any hero’s recognition.
Let us remind the Aquino administration and Congress that Ferdinand Marcos
was a brutal tyrant, a plunderer, and a traitor to the Filipino people.
He was never a hero.
Let us teach the correct historical lessons to the youth and the
generations to follow. #
Let justice be the tie that binds us as a nation: No to a hero’s burial
CEAP Statement on House Resolution 1135
Acquitting the guilty and condemning the innocent- the LORD detests
Last week, more than
200 members of the House of Representatives filed a resolution urging
President Benigno S. Aquino III to allow the burial of former
President Ferdinand E. Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB). In
this resolution they said that “he was a well-decorated soldier, a
veteran of World War II, and a survivor of the Bataan Death March.”
They also noted that “he was the longest serving president of the
republic and built the modern foundations of the Philippines.”
According to the signatories, Marcos “served his country the best way
he knew how and remained a Filipino patriot to the end of his life and
in death deserves to be honored as such.” They say that the burial of
Mr. Marcos at the LNMB “will not only be an acknowledgement of the way
he led a life as a Filipino patriot but will also be a magnanimous act
of reconciliation which will strengthen the bonds of solidarity among
the Filipino people.”
Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP), the largest
educational association in the country, believes that these
exaggerated claims about Marcos cannot be farther from the truth.
They do not at all justify a hero’s burial for him.
Was Marcos really a
“well-decorated soldier”? He may have been a war veteran just like
many Filipinos of his generation. But a hero certainly he was not.
The elaborate tale of the so-called “Maharlika” guerrilla unit which
Marcos supposedly organized and led has been definitively exposed by
American historian Alfred McCoy as a total fabrication in a
well-researched study 25 years ago. He revealed that official US
military investigations into the “Maharlika” story soon after World
War II already dismissed this claim as a fraud. Why should we now
give the perpetrator of this lie a hero’s burial?
He was indeed the
longest serving Philippine President. But this was because he
declared martial law, used military repression to silence opponents,
destroyed what was then an imperfect but working democratic system,
and perpetuated himself in power through an authoritarian constitution
which was never legitimately ratified.
How can his
supporters claim that Marcos “built the modern foundations of the
Philippines” when he presided over the country’s near economic
collapse under the burden of behest loans and corrupt practices which
to this day our nation has not fully recovered from? Have Marcos, his
family and cronies been made fully accountable for the serious charges
of plunder -- the amassing of ill-gotten wealth that sank the
Philippines, while our Asian neighbors took off economically during
Did Marcos really
“serve” the country? Was he truly until his death a “patriot”? While
we cannot divine and judge his personal motives, the terrible
suffering and damage wrought by Marcos’s 14 years of authoritarian
rule is undeniable. The recent compensation given to the many victims
of martial law, though symbolic in monetary terms, is damning proof
that the Marcos regime was guilty of gross human rights violations.
Is this the sort of person we want to see interred among genuine
servant leaders and patriots?
The Libingan ng mga
Bayani is hallowed ground meant for true heroes. It was established
as a memorial to pay fitting tribute to the gallant Filipino men and
women who have brought honor to the country by fighting for freedom
How can we bury among our
heroes the very man whose dictatorial regime we rejected and ousted
during the EDSA people power revolution 25 years ago? It will be
nothing less than a desecration and nullification of the Filipino
people’s long struggle and victory for democracy which we are proud to
have gifted the world as an example of non-violent political change.
As we celebrate Araw
ng Kagitingan to commemorate the heroism of those who fought fascism
during World War II, let us not make a mockery of the service and
sacrifice of Filipino war veterans by giving a hero’s burial to
someone who is not only a fake war hero, but was also responsible for
undermining democracy and development during his long tenure as
We call on the
members of the House of Representatives who signed this resolution to
seriously consider withdrawing their signatures. We urge you to
understand the true meaning of service, patriotism and heroism. We
challenge you to rise to the challenge of statesmanship and not be
swayed by facile political collegiality and false notions of
“reconciliation” and “solidarity”.
We call on all those
who genuinely value freedom and justice, particularly those who
suffered the ravages of Martial Law, to speak out against this
resolution. Let us demonstrate to the signatories that we find their
proposal utterly repulsive and demeaning.
Finally, we call on
our schools to be ever vigilant against those who seek to revise and
reinterpret history to suit their selfish interests and agenda. The
teaching of Philippine history should precisely be strengthened to
enable our people, especially our youth, to separate truth from
falsehood. We need to understand our struggles, failings and triumphs
as a people for us to build national institutions that promote genuine
freedom, justice and solidarity.
signatories claim that the Marcos burial is meant as “a magnanimous
act of reconciliation which will strengthen the bonds of solidarity
among the Filipino people.” But let us remember the words of St.
Augustine: “Charity is no substitute for justice withheld.” Let
justice be the tie that binds us as a nation.
ASSOCIATION OF THE PHILIPPINES